1/19/2007

NEW YEAR Ceremonies

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The Asian Lunar Calendar and Ceremonies

A lunar month started with no-moon, had the full moon on the 15th and 28 days to go.
The first lunar month of a year started the round of 12 months.
With the calendar reform in Japan, things changed, making the life of a haiku poet more difficult.

A new saijiki category of "New Year" has been introduced to cover the problems arising from this change of calendars.
Before changing to the Gregorian calendar, there were only the four seasons in the saijiki.

Please read the details here:

. The Asian Lunar Calendar and the
changing Dates of Japanese Ceremonies


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新年 SHIN-NEN Shinnen NEW YEAR

The New Year is the most important time of life in Japan.
Many customs and ceremonies are related to it.
The season lasts from the first day of the New Year to about January 15th, the night of the full moon, the "Small New Year (koshoogatsu 小正月)" according to the Asian Lunar Calendar.
Some saijiki list these ceremonies in the spring season.


SAIJIKI – SPRING - SUMMER - AUTUMN


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First sunrise, first sun (hatsu hi no de) : 初日の出
Read about Amaterasu Oomikami and Dainichi Nyorai, The Sun Deities of Japan : 天照大神と大日如来


First Spring (hatsu haru 初春) and related kigo


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WKD : "First" ceremonies of the year :

The following are explained in the above LINK:

..... Daruma Market 達磨市 Daruma Ichi
fuku Daruma 福達磨(ふくだるま)Daruma for good luck
Daruma mise 達磨店(だるまみせ)shop to sell Daruma dolls

Hatsu Yakushi 初薬師 First Ceremony for Yakushi Nyorai
Healing Buddha, Buddha of Medicine

Hatsu Kannon 初観音 First Kannon Ceremony

初大師 Hatsu Daishi : First Kooboo Daishi Festival Kobo Daishi, Kukai
初地蔵 Hatsu Jizoo : First Jizoo Bosatsu Ceremony
初不動 Hatsu Fudo O-Fudo-Sama in Japan
初護摩 Hatsu-goma, First Fire Ceremony Oyama Fudo, Fire Ceremony


hatsu shakyoo 初写経 : First Copying of the Sutras
初勤行: Hatsu-gongyoo, First Reading of the Sutras
..... 初鐘,初読経,初燈明,初燈


hatsu suzuri 初硯(はつすずり) first (use of the) inkstone


弓始 : Yumi Hajime, First Drawing of the Bow
..... hatsuya 初矢 Shooting of the year's first arrow : Japanese Archery (kyuudoo) 弓道
..... iba hajime 射場始(いばはじめ)、mato hajime 的始(まとはじめ)、yumiya hajime 弓矢始(ゆみやはじめ)、izome 射初(いぞめ)、hatsu yumi 初弓(はつゆみ)
..... see also Noriyumi below.
hatsuya 初矢 Shooting of the year's first arrow at Sanjusan Gendo
..... Sanjuusan Gendoo no yooji joosui kaji 三十三間堂の楊枝浄水加持 (さんじゅうさんげんどうのようじじょうすいかじ) warding off headache with a willow branch at Sanjusan Gendo


First visit to a temple or shrine (hatsumode, hatsu moode 初詣) 
The Basics !


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Some more FIRST ceremonies :

Hatsu Asama, hatsu sengen 初浅間
First view of or visit to the Asama Shrine (Mt. Fuji)


Hatsu Asama 初浅間 First view of or visit to Mount Asama, near Karuizawa Town

Hatsu Atago 初愛宕 (はつあたご) First visit to Atago
and Bishamonten at Atago

Hatsu Basho, 初場所 First Sumo Tournament
..... January Tournament, ichigatsu basho 一月場所, New Year Tournament, shoogatsu basho 正月場所


Hatsu Benten, 初弁天 First visit to a Benten Shrine

Hatsu Daikoku 初大黒(はつだいこく)first Daikoku ceremony
Daikoku matsuri 大黒祭(だいこくまつり)Daikoku festival
hatsu ki no e ne 初甲子 (はつきのえね)
first day of the rat and the element water
..... hatsu kasshi 初甲子(はつかっし)


Hatsu Enma 初閻魔 (はつえんま) First Ema "God of Hell"
First Visit to a Temple to the God of Hell
..... Enma mairi 閻魔詣(えんままいり)
..... Day off, sainichi 斎日(さいにち)
..... First visit to the 10 kings of hell,
..... juuoo mairi 十王詣(じゅうおうまいり)


Hatsugatsuo no shinku 初鰹神供 (はつがつおのしんく)
offering first bonito (katsuo)
Tsurugaoka Hachimangu, Kamakura


Hatsu Hiei, 初比叡 First Visit to Temple Hiei-zan
Mount Hiei (比叡山, Hiei-zan), Kyoto, Temple Enryaku-ji 延暦寺


Hime hajime ひめ始 ひめはじめ 姫始(ひめはじめ)
Beginning of first female activities

January 2. Court rituals.
..... hime hajime 飛馬始(ひめはじめ)、hime hajime 姫糊始(ひめはじめ)、hime hajime 火水始(ひめはじめ)、hime hajime 密事始(ひめはじめ)


Hatsu i, hastu-i 初亥 (はつい) first day of the Wild Boar


Hatsu Ise 初伊勢 First visit to the Ise Shrine


Hatsu Kagura 初神楽, 神楽始 First Kagura Dance


Hatsu Kokuuzoo 初虚空蔵 (はつこくうぞう) First Kokuzo Ceremony


Hatsu Konpira 初金毘羅 First Visit to Kompira
Shikoku, Konpira Shrine

Hatsu kukai 初句会 First Haiku Meeting a KIGO list

Mari hajime 鞠始 まりはじめ First Kickball Game court ritual.
..... kemari hajime 蹴鞠始(けまりはじめ)、hatsu mari 初鞠(はつまり)


Hatsu Myooken 初妙見 (はつみょうけん) First Myoken Bosatsu Ceremony


Noo hajime, 能初 (のうはじめ) first Noh performance
hatsunoo 初能(はつのう) First Noh Theater performance
butai hajime 舞台始(ぶたいはじめ)first stage
onoo hajima 御能始(おのうはじめ)first honorable noh performance
. . . hatsu oogi 初扇 (はつおうぎ) first use of the folding fan

Hatsu Shibai 初芝居 First Kabuki Theater Performance
..... ni no kae, ni no kawari 二の替
..... First Kyogen, hatsu kyoogen 初春狂言, spring performance, haru shibai 春芝居
..... First Soga Performance, hatsu soga 初曽我 (The Revenge Story of the Soga Brothers)


Koosho hajime 講書始 First official lecture at the Imperial Court
..... hatsu koosho 初講書(はつこうしょ)


Hatsu misa 初弥撒 (はつミサ) first missa, first mass
..... misa hajime 弥撒始(ミサはじめ) Erste Messe
kami no haha seibo maria no iwai 神の母聖マリアの祝日
(かみのははせいマリアのいわいび)
celebrating Maria, mother of God


Hatsu Shooten 初聖天 (はつしょうてん) First Shoten Ceremony
Shoten, Kankiten, Ganesh the Elephant-headed deity


Hatsu Suitenguu 初水天宮 (はつすいてんぐう)
first visit to the Suitengu Shrine

hatsu mi 初巳 (はつみ) "first snake". first day of the snake
hatsu Benzaiten 初弁財天(はつべんざいてん)first visit to a Benten shrine
..... hatsu Benten 初弁天(はつべんてん)
fuse mairi 布施参(ふせまいり)visit a Benten shrine(mairi) and make an offering (fuse)
..... Minoo no tomi 箕面の富  (みのおのとみ) lottery at Minoo
..... Minoo san Benzaiten mairi 箕面山弁財天参(みのおさんべんざいてんまいり)/ 辨財天
Visiting Benten at Mount Minoo


Hatsu Taishaku 初帝釈(はつたいしゃく)first Taishaku ceremony
Taishaku Ten mairi 帝釈天詣(たいしゃくてんまいり)visiting a temple of Taishaku
..... Taishaku mairi 帝釈詣(たいしゃくまいり)
hatsu Kooshin 初庚申( はつこうしん) first Koshin ceremony
Kooshin machi 庚申待(こうしんまち) "waiting for Koshin" waiting for the sun
Day of the Monkey and the element metal : ka no e saru


Hatsu tatsu 初辰 (はつたつ) "first dragon"
..... jooshinnichi 上辰日(じょうしんにち)
Tatsu matsuri 辰祭(たつまつり)Dragon Festival
hatsu tatsu no mizu 初辰の水(はつたつのみず)
first water for the dragon
. . . shio no mizu 潮の水(しおのみず)"tide water" (to throw on the roof)


Hatsu Tenjin 初天神 First visit to a Tenjin Shrine


Hatsu Tora 初寅 (はつとら) First Day of the Tiger
visit to Kurama Temple in Kyoto on the first day of the tiger, Kurama hatsu tora mairi 鞍馬初寅詣(くらまはつとらまいり)
hatsu tora mairi 初寅詣(はつとらまいり)
"First Tiger", ichi no tora 一の寅(いちのとら); ..... kami no tora no hi 上寅日(かみのとらのひ); "lucky tiger" fuku tora 福寅(ふくとら)
"rake for good luck" fuku kaki 福掻, 福かき(ふくかき);"lowering the basket" fugo oroshi 畚下し, 畚降ろし(ふごおろし)
"lucky centipede", o-fuku mukade お福むかで(おふくむかで);"Kurama Gold Coin", Kurama koban 鞍馬小判(くらまこばん)
..... Kurama mairi 鞍馬詣(くらままいり) pilgrimage to Mount Kurama


Hatsu Tsukuba 初筑波 はつつくば . First view of Mt. Tsukuba


Hatsu U (hatsu-u) 初卯 (はつう)
first day of the rabbit/hare

hatsu-u matsuri 初卯祭(はつうまつり)first day of the rabbit festival
hatsu u mairi 、初卯詣(はつうまいり)visiting a shrine for the rabbit festival
u no fuda 卯の札(うのふだ)"rabbit votive tablet" (for this day)
ni no u 二の卯(にのう)second day of the rabbit
san no u 三の卯(さんのう)third day of the rabbit
Kameido Myoogi mairi 亀戸妙義参(かめいどみょうぎまいり)
in memory of Sugawara Michizane 菅原道真


Uma norizome 馬騎初 うまのりぞめ First riding of the horses
..... kiba hajime 騎馬始(きばはじめ)、nori hajime 騎始(のりはじめ)、norizome 騎初(のりぞめ)、hatsu nori 初騎(はつのり)
baba hajime 馬場始(ばばはじめ)"first riding ground"
Imperial Court Ceremony.


Utaizome 謡初,初謡 hatsu uta, First reading of poetry, court ritual
..... utakai hajime 歌会始 うたかいはじめ
..... uta gokai hajime 歌御会始(うたごかいはじめ)、waka gokai hajime 和歌御会始(わかごかいはじめ)、gokai hajime 御会始(ごかいはじめ)


Hatsu Warai, first laughter, smile With Ebisu, the God of Good Luck


If your FIRST word is not in the above list,
it may not be in the category for "observances".
For a list of more New Year FIRST items,
CLICK HERE !


WKD : Other "First Things" (hatsumono) of Japan in other seasons


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Agatameshi no jimoku 県召除目 (あがためしのじもく)
Giving first orders to local governors (at the Heian court)

..... 県召の除目
..... agatameshi 県召(あがためし)、haru no jimoku 春除目(はるのじもく)


. . . . .

..... Aouma 白馬の節会 White Horse Court Ritual
Aouma, Ao uma no sechi e, hakuba no sechi-e 白馬節会 (あおうまのせちえ) White Horse Festival
Court ritual on January 7
..... ume ga e utau 梅が枝うたう(うめがえうたう) Poetry for plum blossoms
..... aoyagi utau 青柳うたう(あおやぎうたう)Poetry for willow branches
..... ooroku 女王禄 おうろく , 女王禄を賜う(おうろくをたもう)
..... nyojo i 女叙位 にょじょい , 女叙位(おんなじょい)
On the day after the White Horse.
Women and Haiku
. . . . . and
Ao-uma no matsuri 青馬祭 (あおうまのまつり) Festival of the White Horse
..... aouma no matsuri 白馬祭(あおうまのまつり)
..... hakubasai 白馬祭(はくばさい)White Horse Festival

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Atsuta tooka shinji 熱田踏歌神事 (あつたとうかしんじ)
Atsuta shrine dance and song ceremony

Nagoya
Atsuta matoi 熱田的射
Atsuta oni matsuri 熱田鬼祭



Azukigayu 小豆粥 (あずきがゆ) Rice gruel with small soybeans *
..... rice gruel on the 15th, juugonichi gayu 十五日粥(じゅうごにちがゆ)
rice gruel with red soybeans, azukigayu 赤小豆粥(あずきがゆ)
rice gruel eaten on the full moon day "mochi", January 15, mochi no kayu 望の粥(もちのかゆ. 餅粥 usually it includes some rice cakes (mochi)
and a few more kigo with rice gruel:
mochi put in rice gruel, kayu bashira 粥柱 (かゆばしら)
"rice gruel stick" kayuzue 粥杖 (かゆづえ)
kayu no ki 粥の木(かゆのき)
..... kayugi 粥木(かゆき)
fukuzue 福杖(ふくづえ)
..... iwai boo、祝棒(いわいぼう)
divination with rice gruel, kayu ura 粥占 (かゆうら)
ceremony for ... kayu ura shinji 粥占神事(かゆうらしんじ)
kayu dameshi 粥試し(かゆだめし)
kayu ura matsuri 粥占祭(かゆうらまつり)
..... kudakayu matsuri 管粥祭(くだかゆまつり)
"gruel in pipes" kudakayu 管粥(くだかゆ)
..... tsutsugayu 、筒粥(つつがゆ)
pipe .. tsutsu 筒(つつ)
o-kayu matsuri 御粥祭(おかゆまつり)..kayu shinji 粥神事(かゆしんじ)
nanakusa gayu 七草粥(ななくさがゆ)
nanoka gayu 七日粥(なのかがゆ)



Binzuru Mawashi 賓頭盧廻 Ceremony for Saint Binzuru
..... びんづるまはし, ひんつるまはし, びんずるまわし


Bishamon no tsukai 毘沙門の使 Bishamonten Festival, Messenger of Bishamonten Indian Deity Vaishravana


Bonten 梵天, ぼんでん Indian Deity Brahman
Bonten matsuri 梵天祭 (ぼんてんまつり) Bonten festival, Akita
梵天奉納祭(ぼんてんほうのうさい)Bonten hoonoosai



Chakkirako ちゃっきらこ / チャッキラコ Chakirako dance festival
hatsu Ise odori 初伊勢踊 first Ise dance
hiyari odori 日やり踊
sagichoo odori 左義長踊 Sagicho Dance


Cha no yu, 茶の湯, Tea Ceremony
..... 初釜 Hatsugama, First Tea Ceremony 初茶湯 Hatsu Cha no yu, 初点前 Hatsu temae

Chooga 朝賀 Court ritual of First Morning Audience
haiga 拝賀(はいが)、sanga 参賀(さんが)
more : First Court Rituals.


Daijin ke no daikyoo 大臣家大饗 (だいじんけのだいきょう)
First banquet of the Ministers

..... omoya no daikyoo 母屋の大饗 もやのだいきょう
Court Ritual



Dainichi mairi 大日詣 First vitit to the Dainichi Hall in Akita, Kazuno
dainichidoozaidoo 大日堂祭堂(だいにちどうざいどう), zaidoo 祭堂(ざいどう)

Dezome 出初 でぞめ First Parade of the Tokyo fire brigade
..... shooboo dezome 消防出初(しょうぼうでぞめ)
dezome shiki 出初式(でぞめしき)、hatsu de 初出(はつで)、
..... first fire alarm bells, dezome gane 出初鐘(でぞめがね)、
..... first climbing of the ladders, hashigo nori 梯子乗(はしごのり)


Doosojin matsuri 道祖神祭 (どうそじんまつり)
Dosojin Festival of the Wayside Deities

Sai no kami matsuri 塞の神祭(さいのかみまつり)
..... 幸の神祭(さいのかみまつり)Sai no Kami festival
Doorokujin matsuri 道禄神祭(どうろくじんまつり)


Doya Doya どやどや Doyadoya Festival at Shitenno-Ji Osaka
. . . . and
Tennooji shoojin ku 天王寺生身供 (てんのうじしょうじんく)
Birthday Ritual
shari dashi 舎利出し(しゃりだし)"showing of the sacred bones"


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Ebisu, Ceremony for the God of Wealth and Prosperity 若夷, 夷おろし
..... Kairaishi 傀儡師, 傀儡, 夷廻し,木傀廻し
..... Visiting the Seven Gods of Good Luck, shichi fukujin mairi 七福神詣
..... 七福詣, 福神詣, 福神巡り, 福詣
Palanquin of fortunes, hoikago宝恵駕, hoekago 宝恵駕籠*
Ebisu palanquin, Ebisu kago 戎籠(えびすかご)
Palanquin for Fukusuke, Fukusuke kago 福助駕(ふくすけかご)

Itsuka Ebisu 五日戎 (いつかえびす) Ebisu on January 5

Hatsuka Ebisu 二十日戎 (はつかえびす) Ebisu on January 20
hatsuka Ebisu matsuri 二十日戎祭(はつかえびすまつり)
Ebisu Ceremonies in Edo and the Kanto area

Tooka Ebisu 十日戎 (とおかえびす) Ebisu on January 10
(in the Kansai area)
hatsu Ebisu 初戎(はつえびす)first Ebisu rituals
yoi Ebisu 宵戎(よいえびす),
Ebisu matsuri 戎祭(えびすまつり)Ebisu festival
nokori Ebisu 残り戎(のこりえびす)"left over Ebisu"
nokorifuku, nokori fuku 残り福(のこりふく)
..... fukusasa 福笹(ふくささ)
Ebisu sasa 戎笹(えびすささ)
fukuame, fuku ame 福飴(ふくあめ)"sweets for good luck"
kichoo 吉兆(きっちょう)"good omen"

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Ehoo Moode 恵方詣 Visit in the auspicious direction
..... Ehoo mairi, auspiciuos direction, ehoo 恵方(えほう)、ehoo michi 恵方道(えほうみち)、ehoo 吉方(えほう)、兄方(えほう)、得方(えほう)、元方(えほう)、aki no kata 明の方(あきのかた), praying in the auspicious direction, ehoo ogami 恵方拝(えほうおがみ)


Enburi Dance 柄振り えんぶり、えぶり Japan, Aomori.

Enjusai 延寿祭 (えんじゅさい) Enju "Long Life" Ceremony at Kaibara Shrine, Nara Pref.
Enju Sake Cup, enju hai 延寿盃(えんじゅはい), Enju Chopsticks, enju bashi延寿箸(えんじゅばし)


Ennen no Mai 延年の舞 Dance for a long life
hatsuka yomatsuri 二十日夜祭(はつかよまつり)
night festival on January 20
Matarajin Matsuri 摩多羅神祭(まだらじんまつり)
festival in honor of Matarajin
. . . . . most famous is
平泉毛越寺延年の舞 Hiraizumi, Motsu-Ji Ennen no Mai


Eyoo 会陽 "Ee yoo Ceremony"
..... Saidaiji Mairi 西大寺参, shingi 神木
hadaka oshi 裸押し "naked men pushing and shoving"
shuushoo-e 修正会
Saidaiji Hadaka Matsuri, 西大寺裸祭り
Naked Man Festival at temple Saidaiji (Okayama)



Fuigo hajime 鞴初 、吹革初 First use of the bellows


Fuku Warai 福笑い (ふくわらい) First laugh, hatsu warai. first cry, hatsu naki



Futomani matsuri 太占祭 Futomani festival
Divination at Musashi Mitake jinja 武蔵御嶽神社
- - - - - and
Ooguchi magami matsuri 大口真神祭りWolf Deity Festival


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Ganjitsu no Sechi-E 元日節会
Court ritual of Reception and Audience of Politicians

..... shoshinosoo 諸司奏(しょしのそう)、
..... shichiyoo no goriyaku no soo 七曜御暦奏(しちようのごりやくのそう)、
..... hi no tameshi no soo 氷様奏(ひのためしのそう)、
..... haraka no soo 腹赤奏(はらかのそう)
..... kuzu no soo 国栖奏(くずのそう)PHOTOS !
..... hiraza no gezan 平座見参(ひらざのげざん)、
..... shinnen enkai 新年宴会(しんねんえんかい)


Ganzan Daishi-E 元三大師会 Ceremony for Ganzan Daishi
at temple Jindaj-Ji 深大寺


Go han itadaki 御印文戴き (ごはんいただき)
"getting a honorable stamp"

Temple Zenko-Ji, Nagano


Go-Oo Kaji 牛王加持, 牛黄加持Ceremony of the Ox King Deity (Ox King Buddha)
東寺牛王加持 (とうじごおうかじ, とうじごわうかぢ)
..... Funa Go-Oo 舟牛王ふなごおう,ふなごわう, Ship Go-Oo
..... and
Kiyomizu no Go Ou 清水の牛王 (きよみずのごおう)
Go-Oo ritual at tempel Kiyomizu-dera
Kiyomizudera go oo 清水寺牛王(きよみずでらごおう)
Kiyomizudera goo zue 清水寺牛王杖(きよみずでらごおうづえ)
Go-Oo stick at Kiyomizu Temple
..... and
Sensooji go oo kaji 浅草寺牛王加持 (せんそうじごおうかじ) at Asakusa Kannon, Tokyo
..... Go-Oo Kaji-E 牛王加持会 at Asakusa Temple 浅草寺



Gusokubiraki, gusoku biraki 具足開 "opening the armour"
gusoku kagamimochi 具足鏡餅
gusoku kagami wari 具足鏡割
gusoku iwai 具足祝 celebrating armour
busoku kagamibiraki 武具鏡開



Hachi Tataki 鉢叩 鉢敲, 鉢扣 "banging the prayer gongs"
Hachi Tataki Dezome 鉢叩出初 First prayer round whilst banging gongs
Memorial Service for Saint Kuuya Shoonin 空也上人
Kuuya Doo Hachitataki Dezome 空也堂鉢叩出初 (くうやどうはちたたきでぞめ) at Kuya Hall
hachitataki dezome 鉢叩出初(はちたたきでぞめ)
zuda junki dezome 頭陀巡行出初(ずだじゅんぎょうでぞめ)
(zuda also means hachi tataki)


Hakone ekiden 箱根駅伝 Hakone Ekiden Race
Hakone Relay Marathon


 Hagatame はがため . Teeth strengthening Ceremony
..... rice cakes for strengthening the teeth
..... hagatame no mochi 画固の餅 はがためのもち
..... Diamond Petal Rice Cakes, hishi hanabira mochi, 菱葩餅
..... "auspicious hard things" o-iwai kachin お祝いかちん(おいわいかちん)
..... ..... o-iwai okachin お祝いおかちん


Hakubasai, hakuba sai 白馬祭(はくばさい)
Festival of the White Horse  



Hama ogami 浜拝 はまおがみ Offering prayers at the beaches
January first
..... First Tide, wakashio 若潮 わかしお
..... wakashio mukae 若潮迎え(わかしおむかえ)、hatsu hama 初浜(はつはま)、
..... Selling new salt, waka shio uri 若塩売(わかしおうり)、waka shio iwai 若塩祝い(わかしおいわい)


Hare no Gozen 晴の御膳 Official Lunch Reception at the Imperial Court
..... Hare no Omono 晴御膳 はれのおもの
..... Gozen no gi 御膳の儀


Harugitoo 春祈祷(はるぎとう)spring prayer
..... gongen mai 権現舞 (ごんげんまい) Gongen Dance
..... gongen sama 権現様(ごんげんさま)
..... kado-uchi 門打(かどうち)
..... ha-uchi 歯打(はうち)
(haru kitoo)


Hatsuka iwai 二十日祝 January 20 Celebration
..... "sword handle" celebration, ha tsuka iwai 刃柄祝(はつかいわい), Celebration of the mirror box, kyoodai iwai 鏡台祝(きょうだいいわい), Celebration of the "first face", hatsu kao iwai 初顔祝(はつかおいわい)、Celebration of the Mirror, kagami no iwai 鏡の祝(かがみのいわい)


Himachi, hi machi 日待 (ひまち) waiting for the (first) sun


Hino no Hadaka Odori 日野の裸踊 Naked Dance in Hino



Hitachi obi no shinji 常陸帯の神事 (ひたちおびのしんじ)
Hitachi Belt Ceremony

Hitachi obi no matsuri 常陸帯の祭(ひたちおびのまつり)
Hitachi obi 常陸帯(ひたちおび)"Belt from Hitachi"
Kashima no obi 鹿島の帯(かしまのおび)"Belt from Kashima"
enmusubi no shinji 縁結び神事(えんむすびしんじ)
ceremony for finding a partner


Hotoke Shoogatsu 仏正月 (ほとけしょうがつ)
New Year of the Buddhas/ancestor souls

..... hotoke no shoogatsu 仏の正月(ほとけのしょうがつ)
day of the ancestors, hotoke no hi 仏の日(ほとけのひ)
..... ancestors passing into the new year, hotoke no toshikoshi
仏の年越(ほとけのとしこし)
hotoke no kuchi ake 仏の口明(ほとけのくちあけ)
nenbutsu no kuchi ake 念仏の口明(ねんぶつのくちあけ)
New Year of the Ancestors, sensoo shoogatsu
先祖正月(せんぞしょうがつ)
Beginning of the Temple Year, tera nenshi
寺年始(てらねんし)


.................................................................................


Ichigami matsuri 市神祭 (いちがみまつり)
festival for the God of the Market



Imigomori 亥巳籠 (いみごもり) respectful retreat
from the first day of the wild boar (i 亥)
to the day of the snake (mi 巳)
..... Kako no monoshizume 加古の物鎮(かこのものしずめ)
seclusion at Kakogawa, Hyogo


Inari no bushasai 稲荷の奉射祭 (いなりのぶしゃさい)
first shooting at the Inari shrine

bushasai, busha sai 歩射祭(ぶしゃさい)
onyumihajimesai, on yumi hajime sai 御弓始祭(おんゆみはじめさい)
. . . . . and
Inari Ooyama sai 稲荷大山祭 Oyama Fox God Festival
shimehiki 注連曳き(しめひき)bringing new sacred ropes
Inari shimehari 稲荷注連張(いなりしめはり) Inari sacred rope
shimehari shinji 注連張神事(しめはりしんじ)
kawarake hiroi 土器拾い(かわらけひろい)picking up ritual clay dishes
okawarake, o kawarake 御土器(おかわらけ)honorable clay dishes
- at Fushimi Inari Shrine, Kyoto 伏見稲荷大社


In no Hairai 院の拝礼 First Court Ceremony


Itsukushima Jinja no toshikoshisai
厳島神社の年越祭 (いつくしまじんじゃのとしこしさい)
Crossing into the new year at Itsukushima shrine

. . . . . and
Itsukushima no on yumi hajime 厳島の御弓始 (いつくしまのおんゆみはじめ)
kisha 鬼射(きしゃ)"hitting the demon"
onyumi shinji 御弓神事(おんゆみしんじ)
honorable ceremony of the bow
- at Miyajima, 宮島の大元神社 Omoto shrine ceremony. Hiroshima



Jarai 射礼 (じゃらい) "respectful shooting" at the imperial court
..... inokoshi, i no koshi 射遺 (いのこし)



Joi 叙位 (じょい) official bestowing of a rank or title


Joogen, jogen, 上元 First third of the year
..... shongan しょんがん、 genshoosai 元宵祭(げんしょうさい)、 genshoosetsu 元宵節(げんしょうせつ)、genshoo 元宵(げんしょう)、joogen e 上元会(じょうげんえ)、joogen no hi 上元の日(じょうげんのひ), genseki 元夕(げんせき ), ceremony of praying for good luck, kifuku sai 祈福祭(きふくさい), changing the candles, roosoku kae 蝋燭替(ろうそくかえ)
..... Lantern festival (Yuanxiao 元宵節) China


Juuhachi Gayu 十八粥 Rice Gruel on the 18th day


Juurokunichi sai 十六日祭 (じゅうろくにちさい)
festival of the 16th day

mii juukokunichi 新十六日(みいじゅうろくにち)new 16th day
koodooroo 香燈籠(こうどうろう)fragrant lanterns
Okinawa


Juuyokka toshikoshi 十四日年越, 十四日年越し
celebration of January 14

To pass safely over into a new circle with the full moon on lunar first month, day 15.
..... juuyokka dango 十四日団子(じゅうよっかだんご)
dango dumplings eaten on day 14 of the lunar first month


.................................................................................


Kagihiki shinji 鉤引神事 (かぎひきしんじ)
ritual of pulling with hooks

..... 鉤引(かぎひき)pulling with wooden hooks


Kagura Dance 神楽 Hatsu Kagura, First Kagura Dance


Kaji hajime 鍛冶初, First use of the smithy
..... Hatsu kamado 初竃, first fire in the stove


Kamakura かまくら "snow hut"
..... yukimuro 雪室 (ゆきむろ)
Festival for children in Akita on January 15.


Kamigamo Nentoosai
上賀茂燃燈祭 (かみがもねんとうさい)
"Lantern Festival at Kamigamo"

hatsune no tamabooki
初子の玉箒(はつねのたまぼうき)
"precious broom on the first day of the rat"
- - - - - and
Kamigamo otana kazari 上賀茂御棚飾 (かみがもおたなかざり)
shelf decorations at Kamigamo shrine
- at Kamigamo Shrine, Kyoto 上賀茂神社


Kasetori かせとり"Imitating the Cock's Call"
..... kasedori かせどり, カセ鳥
kakkadori かっかどり, kasegidori かせぎどり, hotohoto ほとほと


Kashima no kotobure 鹿島の事触 (かしまのことぶれ)
Kashima diviners, itinerant priests

..... kotobure 言触(ことぶれ)


Kasuga no o-taue matsuri
春日御田植祭 (かすがのおたうえまつり)
rice planting ritual at Kasuga shrine
Kyoto
sometimes placed as mid-spring kigo


Kawazugari no shinji 蛙狩の神事 (かわずがりのしんじ)
ceremony of hunting for frogs

Frog Hunting Shrine Ritual
..... kawazutobi no shinji 蛙飛びの神事(かわずとびのしんじ)
frog-jumping ritual. at Suwa Shrine, Nagano


Kayutsuri 粥釣, 粥つり かゆつり "Fishing for rice gruel"


Kenpai Shiki 献盃式 Ceremony of drinkingin memory of Shinran Shoonin


Kijizake (kiji sake) 雉子酒 "Pheasant ricewine"
kiji shu 雉子酒(きじしゅ) - o kiji おきじ
- - - - - and
kissho no soo 吉書奏 auspicious writing
Court rituals



Kitano no fudehajime sai 北野の筆始祭
(きたののふではじめさい)
first use of the brush ceremony at Kitano

Kitano Tenmangu in Kyoto 北野天満宮 京都


Kitoo-gitsune 祈祷狐(きとうぎつね)prayer to the Fox deity (kitsune)
..... kitsune mai 狐舞 (きつねまい) fox dance
..... inariyama no shirogitsune 稲荷山の白狐(いなりやまのしろぎつね)the white fox from Inari mountain


Kokuseki-Ji Hadaka Matsuri 黒石寺裸祭
Kokuseki Temple Naked Festival

Kuroishi Hadaka Matsuri 黒石裸祭
..... Sominsai 蘇民祭


Komatsu hiki 小松引 pulling out small pine seeldings 
..... First Day of the Rat, hatsune 初子
..... dress for the day of the rat, ne no hi goromo 子の日衣
and a few more kigo of this day



Kumano renga hajime 熊野連歌始
beginning linked verse at Kumano



.................................................................................


Mai goran 舞御覧 (まいごらん) dance performance for the emperor


Manaita biraki, manaitabiraki 俎開 (まないたびらき)
first use of the chopping board



Matsubayashi 松囃子 まつばやし First official performance of the arts
..... 松拍子(まつばやし)、o utaizome 御謡初(おうたいぞめ)
suoo nugi 素襖脱ぎ(すおうぬぎ)taking off the suoo ceremonial robe



Matsumoto no shio-ichi 松本の塩市 (まつもとのしおいち)
salt market in Matsumoto

..... First market in Matsumoto, Matsumoto no hatsu ichi 松本の初市
..... Sweets Market, ame ichi 飴市(あめいち)


Matsurigoto hajime 政始 beginning of political activities
Geki no matsurigoto hajime 外記政始


Miho matsuri 三保祭 Miho festival
Miho no matsubara, Shizuoka 三保の松原,
shrine Miho Jinja 御穂神社 ー 三保神社



Mikamaki 御薪 Honorable fire wood
..... mimaki 御薪(みまき)、mikamaki tatematsuru 御薪奉る(みかまぎたてまつる)
Old court ritual.


Mikusuri o kuuzu 御薬を供ず offering honorable medicine
..... toso 屠蘇(とそ)ritual ricewine
byakusan 白散(びゃくさん)
doshoosan, toshoosan 度嶂散(どしょうさん)
kusurigo 薬子(くすりご)"child drinking medicine"


Mino-o no Tomi 箕面の富 Lottery at Mino
Minoo san Benzaiten mairi 箕面山弁財天参(
みのおさんべんざいてんまいり)/ 辨財天
Visiting Benten at Mount Minoo
otomi hoo-e 御富法会(おとみほうえ)
Minoo tomitsuki 箕面富突(みのおとみつき)
picking a lottery ticket in Minoo
ichi no tomi 一の富(いちのとみ)first lottery win
ni no tomi 二の富(にのとみ)second lottery win
san no tomi 三の富(さんのとみ)third lottery win
tomifuda 富札(とみふだ)lottery ticket
..... o-tomi san お富さん(おとみさん)


Mishima otauchi matsuri 三島御田打祭 (みしまおたうちまつり)
festival of "hitting the fields at Mishima

O-tauchi 御田打(おたうち)"honorable hitting the fields"
Onta matsuri 御田祭(おんたまつり)festival of the fields


Mogura-uchi 土龍打 もぐらうち "hitting the moles"
..... mogura oi 土龍追(もぐらおい)
sending the moles away, mogura okuri 土龍送り(もぐらおくり)
urokomochi uchi うろこもち打(うろこもちうち 望打ち)


Mooja Okuri 亡者送り Seeing Off the Dead, driving out the devil
Sensooji moosha okuri 浅草寺亡者送り (せんそうじもうじゃおくり)
Asakusa, Moja Okuri


Myooga matsuri ... 茗荷祭 (みょうがまつり)Myoga Festival
also Bamboo shoots Ritual, take no ko shinji 筍神事(たけのこしんじ)

.................................................................................


Nagataki Hakusan Jinja muikasai 長滝白山神社六日祭
(ながたきはくさんじんじゃむいかさい)
Festival on the 6th day at Nagataki Hakusan Shrine
Gifu
hana ubai matsrui 花奪い祭
"festival of taking blossoms by force"


Namahage なまはげ Demons driving out bad spirits
..... Namomihagi なもみ剥ぎ, amamihagi あまみはぎ
namamihagi 生身剥(なまみはぎ)、nagomehagi なごめ剥(なごめはぎ)、namomitakuri なもみたくり、ひがたたくり、nanamitakuri ななみたくり、namomihagi なもみ剥(なもみはぎ)


Nanakusa 七種、七草 the seven herbs of Spring
with many related kigo


Naoi no shinji 儺追の神事 (なおいのしんじ)
Naoi ritual for driving away evil

..... naoe matsuri 直会祭(なおえまつり) Naoe festival
..... naoi matsuri 儺追祭(なおいまつり) Naoi Festival
Shrine Konomiya, Inazawa, Aichi


Natsumigawa no shinji 菜摘川の神事 (なつみがわのしんじ)
ritual of picking herbs at Na-tsumi river
Yoshino


Nara no Yamayaki 奈良の山焼 burning the mountain slopes at Nara
..... Burning the mountains, o-yama yaki お山焼(おやまやき)


Narikizeme 成木責 tree fertility ritual
..... nari iwai 成祝(なりいわい)
cheering the tree, ki o hayasu 木を囃す(きをはやす)
naruka naranuka なるかならぬか


Niino no yukimatsuri 新野の雪祭 (にいののゆきまつり)
snow festival at Niino

dengaku matsuri 田楽祭/雪祭り Dengaku dance festival
yuki matsuri 田楽祭/雪祭り Snowfestival


Nishinomiya no igomori 西宮の居籠 (にしのみやのいごもり)
recluse at Nishinomiya

..... igomori 居籠(いごもり)
Ebisu festival at Nishinomiya Hyogo.
Hahasono no mori no igomori 柞森の居籠


Nishi Shichijoo taue shinji
西七条田植神事 (にししちじょうたうえしんじ)
rice planting ceremony at Nishi Shichijo village
Kyoto


Nishiura dengaku 西浦田楽 (にしうれでんがく)
Dengaku dance at Nishiura village


Nonomiya matsuri (No no Miya)箟宮祭 (ののみやまつり)
Nonomiya festival

Nonotake Hakusan matsuri 箟岳白山祭(ののたけはくさんまつり)
Mount Nonotake Hakusan Festival


Noriyumi 賭弓 bow shooting contest
..... noriyumi 賭射(のりゆみ)
keari aruji 還饗(かえりあるじ)
noriyumi no sechi 賭弓の節(せち)


Nyoodoosai 繞道祭 (にょうどうさい) Nyoodoo FestivalNyodo Fire Festival


.................................................................................


Oobuku 大服 Ceremony of drinking tea to keep healthy
..... New Year Tea for Good Luck, fukucha 福茶


Oobaku Hoozan 黄檗放参 Evening Zen at Obaku Zen Temples


Okera mairi 白朮詣 Okera Festival at Yasaka Shrine, Kyoto
..... okera matsuri 白朮祭(おけらまつり),
okera fire, okera bi 白朮火(おけらび)
okera rope, okera nawa 白朮縄(おけらなわ),auspicious rope, kichoo nawa 、吉兆縄(きっちょうなわ),swinging the rope, hinawa furu 火縄振るceremony in
Gion kezurikake no shinji, Ritual of shaving branches
at the Gion quarters in Kyoto

..... 祗園削掛の神事(ぎおんけずりかけのしんじ)
..... kezurikake no okonai 削掛の行(けずりかけのおこない),
vendor or ropes, hinawa uri 火縄売(ひなわうり)


Onibashiri 鬼走(おにばしり) running demons for Setsubun
. . . . . and
Oni eshiki 鬼会式 Demon Festival
..... Japanese Demons
The setsubun 節分 rituals are sometimes placed for the New Year, since they mark the beginning of spring.
Takezaki no Oni Matsuri 竹崎の鬼祭 Demon Festival at Takezaki
Takisan-ji Oni Matsuri 滝山寺鬼祭 Demon Festival at Temple Takisan-Ji

Oniyo Fire Festival 鬼夜 / 鬼会(おによ)"Demon's Night"



Rinji kyaku 臨時客 special guests
at the imperial court and aristocracy. January 2


.................................................................................


Sagichoo Festival 左義長 Fire Rituals and Coming of Age Ceremonies
..... sagichoo 三毬杖(さぎちょう)、tondo とんど、dondo どんど、dondon yaki どんどん焼き(どんどんやき)、dondo shoogatsu どんど正月(どんどしょうがつ)、dondo ba どんど場(どんどば)、saito yaki さいと焼き(さいとやき)
hut for the small new year, shougatsu goya 正月小屋(しょうがつごや)、dondon goya どんどん小屋(どんどんごや)、snow hut yukigoya 雪小屋(ゆきごや)、saitogoya さいと小屋(さいとごや)、
burning the decorations, kazaritaki 飾り焚(かざりたき)、kazari age 飾りあげ(かざりあげ)、kazari hayashi 飾りはやし(かざりはやし)、
burning the first calligraphy of the year, kissho age 吉書揚(きっしょあげ)、wakabi 若火(わかび)、miso dondon みそどんど
firecrackers, bakuchiku 爆竹(ばくちく)、kazaritaku 飾焚く(かざりたく)


Sai no kami no kanjin 幸の神の勧進 (さいのかみのかんじん)
Praying to the God of the Fields



Sakanbe no fuyu matsuri 坂部の冬祭 (さかんべのふゆまつり)
Winter Festival in Sakanbe (Sakabe)

Suwa Shrine, Nagano


Sanmonbiraki, sanmon biraki 山門開き (さんもんびらき)
opening the temple gate
Edo


Seijin no hi 成人の日 (せいじんのひ) Coming of Age Day
..... seijin shiki 成人式(せいじんしき)、seijin sai 成人祭(せいじんさい)


Senbonzuki 千本搗
Ceremony of pounding rice with 1000 mallets



Shari-Koo 舎利講 Prayer Meeting for Buddha's bones


Shiba Myoojin matsuri 芝明神祭 (しばみょうじんまつり)
festival at Shiba Myojin Shrine
Tokyo


Shichi Fukujin Mairi 七福神参り
Pilgrimage to the Seven Gods of Good Luck

..... shichifukujin Moode 七福神詣


Shichikoozan mairi 七高山詣
Pilgrimage to the Seven High Mountains

Nagasaki


Shihoo hai 四方拝, しほうはい  
Court ritual prayer to the four directions



Shigonin no mishiho 真言院の御修法 Mishiho ritual at Shingon-In
Kyoto


Shishigashira no shinji
獅子頭の神事 (ししがしらのしんじ)
lion head dance ceremony

. . . . ongashira shinji 御頭神事(おかしらしんじ)


Shuuni-E 修正会 Ceremony at Todai-Ji
..... O-Mizutori, Omizutori お水取り


Suminuri 墨塗, 墨塗り,すみぬりpainting the face with charcoal
Date no suminuri 伊達の墨塗 (だてのすみぬり)
..... sumitsuke shoogatsu 墨付正月(すみつけしょうがつ)
"New Year with charcoal painting"



Sumiyoshi Jinja 住吉神社 and its rituals
Sumiyoshi tooka sechi-E 住吉踏歌節会 (すみよしとうかせちえ) Dance and poetry banquet at Sumiyoshi Shrine
Sumiyoshi tooka shinji 住吉踏歌神事(すみよしとうかしんじ)
fukumochi shinji 福餅神事(ふくのもちしんじ)"ceremony of auspicious mochi rice cakes"
Sumiyoshi no o-yumi 住吉の御弓 (すみよしのおゆみ) ritual with a bow
Sumiyoshi mikechi shinji 住吉御結鎮神事(すみよしみけちしんじ)
Sumiyoshi ontarashi 住吉御弓(すみよしおんたらし)

.................................................................................


Tamakae matsuri, tamakae sai 玉替祭 (たまかえまつり)
festival of exchanging auspicious balls

tamakae shinji 玉替神事(たまかえしんじ)
ritual of exchanging auspicious balls
Kora Taisha, Kurume, Fukuoka


Tamaseseri 玉せせり (たませせり) Festival of "taking the ball"
Famous naked festival.
Tamaseseri matsuri 玉せり祭(たませりまつり) tamatori matsuri 玉取祭(たまとりまつり)

Taue odori (ta-ue odori) 田植踊 Dancing and rice planting
..... ta asobi, 田遊 playing in the rice fields and a few more
..... satsuki iwai 皐月祝 (さつきいわい), niwa taue 庭田植(にわたうえ)、yoi satsuki 宵皐月(よいさつき)


Tennooji Kondoo choona hajime
天王寺金堂手斧始 (てんのうじこんどうちょうなはじめ
first use of the carpenter's ax

Temple Shitenno-Ji, Golden Hall - 四天王寺, Osaka


Toba himatsuri 鳥羽火祭 (とばひまつり) Toba Fire Festival
Toba Shinmeisha 鳥羽神明社 in Aichi


Tomo Hachiman no on yumi shinji 鞆八幡の御弓神事
bow ritual at Tomo Hachiman, Numakuma Jinja, Hiroshima prefecture


Tooka no sechi e 踏歌節会 Imperial Dance Ceremony
.... 踏歌の節会
..... tooka 踏歌(とうか)
otoko tooka 男踏歌(おとことうか)dancing of men
onna tooka 女踏歌(おんなとうか) dancing of women
ararebashiri 霰ばしり(あらればしり)"running like hailstones"
kazashi no wata 插頭綿(かざしのわた)cotton flowers for your hair
- Kashima tooka matsuri 鹿島踏歌祭



Tori oi (tori-oi) 鳥追 "Chasing away the birds"
..... hut, tori-oi goya 鳥追小屋(とりおいごや)
..... tower, tori-oi yagura鳥追櫓(とりおいやぐら)
..... song, tori-oi uta 鳥追唄(とりおいうた)
enjoying, tori-oi asobi 鳥追遊び(とりおいあそび)
. January 15



Toshibi iwai 年日祝
birthday celebration at the New Year
Okinawa
..... shoonen iwai 生年祝 celebrating the birthday



Toshigami 年神 God of the Year
..... toshitoku jin 年徳神、toshitoku 年德(としとく)、toshitoku san 年德さん(としとくさん)、wakadoshi san 若年さん(わかどしさん)
"Mr. New Year" shoogatsu san 正月さん(しょうがつさん)、toshi jisan 年爺さん(としじいさん)、o toshi sama お年さま(おとしさま
shelf for the new year, toshidana 年棚(としだな)、toshi toku dana 歳德棚(としとくだな)、"shelf in the auspicious direction", ehoodana 恵方棚(えほうだな)、"shelf for a boutiful year", hoonen dana 豊年棚(ほうねんだな)
"straw bag for the year", toshidawara 年俵(としだわら)


Toshi otoko 年男 としおとこ "Man of the Year"
(male born in the year with the same Asian zodiac animal)
waka otoko 若男(わかおとこ)、sechi otoko 節男(せちおとこ)、yaku otoko 役男(やくおとこ)、manriki otoko 万力男(まんりきおとこ)、iwai taroo 祝太郎(いわいたろう)


Toshitokujin, Toshitoku jin 歳徳神 Good of the New Year
..... toshigami 年神, wakatoshisama 若年様, shoogatsusama 正月様


Toso 屠蘇, ritual rice wine
..... toso iwau 屠蘇祝ふ, tososhuu 屠蘇酒
..... bag with spices for the ritual rice wine, tosobukuro 屠蘇袋
mulled rice wine with spices


Tsunahiki 綱引 (つなひき), 綱引きplaying tug-of-war
"pulling the rope"
..... tsunahiki 綱曳(つなひき). 縄引(なわひき)


Tsurugaoka Hachimanguu no go-han itadaki 鶴岡八幡宮御璽頂き
getting a seal at Tsurugaoka Hachimangu Kamakura


Tsuru no hoochoo 鶴の包丁 cutting a crane
Court ritual

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Ubusuna mairi 産土神参 うぶすなまいり Shrine visit to the God of one's birthplace


Urajiro renga 裏白連歌
"Linked verse with white backside"

Kitano Tenmangu, Kyoto


Usokae うそ替え / 鷽替え exchanging carved bullfinches
..... Dazaifu Tenmangu no onisube 大宰府天満宮の鬼すべ (だざいふてんまんぐうのおにすべ)


Uzue, warding of evil with a ritual wand 卯杖
..... u no tsue 卯の杖(うのつえ)、hatsu uzue 初卯杖(はつうづえ)、iwai no tsue 祝の杖(いわいのつえ)、uzue no hogai 卯杖の祝(うづえのほがい)
uzue no kotobuki 卯杖の寿(うづえのことぶき)
On the first day of the rabbit, u no hi 卯の日



Wakamizu 若水 "young water" First water drawn from the well on New Year's morning and related kigo
..... first water, hatsumizu 初水
..... first well, waka-i 若井
..... blessed water, fukumizu 福水
New Year's Tea, Good Luck Tea (fukucha) 


Wakana o kuusu, offering fresh greens 若菜を供す
similar to nanakusa, seven herbs of spring
..... wakano no sechi-e 若菜の節会(わかなのせちえ)
..... picking fresh greens, wakana tsumi 若菜摘 わかなつみ
fresh greens, "young greens", wakana 若菜(わかな)
first fresh greens, hatsu wakana 初若菜(はつわかな)
field with fresh greens, wakana no 若菜野(わかなの)
boat transporting fresh greens, wakana bune 若菜舟(わかなぶね)、
day of fresh greens, wakana no hi 若菜の日(わかなのひ)
..... selling fresh greens, 若菜売(わかなうり)
..... selling sheperd's purse, nazuna uri なずなうり
- - - - - and
wakana matsuri 若菜祭 (わかなまつり) "festival of new leaves"
nanakusa matsuri 七草祭(ななくさまつり)"festival of the seven vegetables"
..... 七種祭(ななくさまつり)
wakana shinji 若菜神事(わかなしんじ)ritual of the seven vegetables


Yabu-iri, Servant's holiday , fasting day (sainichi)
..... yabu iri (yabuiri) 家父入(やぶいり)、yabu iri 養父入(やぶいり)、yabu iri 走百病(やぶいり)、yado iri 宿入(やどいり)、yado sagari 宿下り(やどさがり)、roku iri 六入り(ろくいり)、juuroku nichi asobi 十六日遊び(じゅうろくにちあそび)



Yahata mairi 八幡参(やはたまいり)Visiting Yahata shrine
at Iwashimizu Hachimangu, Kyoto
Yakujin mairi 厄神詣 (やくじんまいり) Visiting the Yakujin deity
yakumairi, yaku mairi 厄参(やくまいり), yakumoode 厄詣(やくもうで)
Yahata ekijin moode 八幡厄神詣(やはたえきじんもうで)
Yahata miyage 八幡土産(やはたみやげ) souvenirs from Yahata
Yahatagoi, yahata koi八幡鯉(やはたごい) carp from Yahata
Yakujinsai 厄神祭(やくじんさい)Festival of the Yakujin
Aoyama matsuri 青山祭(あおやままつり)Aoyama festival



Yanagizu Hadaka Matsuri 柳津裸祭 Naked Festival at Yanagizu


Yooji joosui kaji 楊枝浄水加持 Ceremony of cleaning toothpicks
Asakusa Kannon, Tokyo



Yome tataki 嫁叩 よめたたき, 嫁たたき Hitting the new bride
..... yome tsutsuki 嫁つつき(よめつつき)、okatabuchi 御方打(おかたぶち)
..... harame uchi 孕め打(はらめうち, はらみ節供
Hitting the young bride on the bottom with a lucky wand, wishing for a pregnancy.
mizu iwai 水祝, 水祝い, みずいわい sprinkling the new couple with water
..... mizukake iwai 水掛祝(みずかけいわい)、mizu abise 水浴せ(みずあびせ)、mizukake burumai 水掛振舞(みずかけぶるまい)


Yoshida kiyo harae 吉田清祓 (よしだきよはらえ)
purification ritual at Yoshida

Yoshida ooharai 吉田大祓(よしだおおはらい)
great purification ritual at Yoshida shrine, Kyoto


Yugyooji no fudakiri 遊行寺の札切 (ゆぎょうじのふだきり)
cutting amulets at temple Yugyo-Ji

..... ofudakiri お符切(おふだきり)
..... hatsu ofuda 初札(はつおふだ)first amulet


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.. .. .. Plants

Buddha's Seat (hotoke no za) 仏の座
Two Flowers with the same name.



. SAIJIKI - NEW YEAR - PLANTS .

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.. .. .. Animals

Bulbul, hyondori ひよんどり
dance of the bulbul, hiyodori odori 鵯踊(ひよどりおどり)、ひよどり



. SAIJIKI - NEW YEAR - ANIMALS .







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. HUMANITY
Kigo for the New Year
  
Some are overlapping with the ceremonies!



WKD : Court Rituals of Japan. New Year Ceremonies.


The 5th Season
Robin D. Gill, 2007

Twenty New Year Themes

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New Year Events not listed in the Saijiki


geeta matsuri ゲータ祭 "Geeta festival"
In Kashima town, Hiroshima 神島町
On the New Year's first day, large torches to bring back the sunshine to the world.


Kasai Kannon Daruma Market 笠井観音の達磨市



Nyepi, day of silence New Year. Bali, Indonesia


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..... Religious Non-Seasonal Haiku Topics

Chigo (temple acolytes) Japan. Temple Children.

Poor Monk (dooshinboo) 道心坊. ドウシンボウ

Daitokuji and Ikkyu Natto

Fire Festivals of Japan (hi matsuri 火祭り)

Groundbreaking ceremony (jichinsai, jimatsuri)

Heavy or light Jizo, Omokaru Jizoo おもかる地蔵尊
and other heavy-light Deities

Hitokotonushi 一言主, the ugly God of One Word

O-Take Nyorai お竹如来 and Issa

Power Stone, Strenght Stone (chikara ishi) 力石

Juuni Shinshoo 十二神将 Twelve Heavenly Generals, 12 Warrior Generals

Shimo Jinja "Frost Shrine" 霜神社 Shimomiya at Mount Aso, Kyushu
The legend of Kihachi 鬼八

Zen and Haiku Worldwide

...........................................

Memorial Days
Memorial Days of famous people .
I have compiled them in a separate saijiki.


Festivals where things are exchanged



***** NEW YEAR FOOD SAIJIKI about O-setchi Ryori 御節料理 O-Sechi Ryori


WASHOKU ... Japanese Food SAIJIKI

. WASHOKU
MATSURI ... Food for Festivals


. WASHOKU
Temple and Shrine Festivals and Food / LIST





To learn more about Buddhism, Shintoism and the Deities mentioned in the above text, visit Mark Schumacher

BUDDHISM and SHINTOISM IN JAPANESE ART


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List of yearly events in Buddhist sects.
http://www.kotobuki-p.co.jp/kankou/sp1.htm


More resources for kigo and haiku



My Library

. HAIKU about Religious Topics
Japanese LIST


New Year Kigo and haiku by ISSA !


BACK TO THE TOP OF THIS SAIJIKI LIST
http://wkdfestivalsaijiki.blogspot.com/2007_01_01_archive.html

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3 comments:

robin d. gill said...

Among the New Year Animals, my favorite is the Princess Bride, as I English the taboo word* for mouse yome-ga-kimi, and have a chapter with about 100 haiku about mice in The Fifth Season -- Poetry for the Re-creation of the World.** You are always free to take up to 10% of the haiku from any chapter and use them as examples. And thanks for noting the book, above. -rdg (*taboo word in the sense of a charming euphemism used instead of the usual name which is tabooed depending on the time and/or place. ** The book will be searchable inside before long at both google and amazon)

Gabi Greve said...

Thanks for popping in, Robin san!.
I am really looking forward to reading your book soon!

GABI

Gabi Greve - Issa said...

Kobayashi Issa and the New Year
.
. Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶 in Edo .

よ所並の正月もせぬしだら哉
yoso nami no shoogatsu mo senu shidara kana

nothing ordinary
even at New Year's
here on the edge

Tr. Chris Drake
.