Daibutsu and Hotoke


Daibutsu and Hotoke

***** Location: Japan
***** Season: TOPIC
***** Category: Humanity


Daibutsu, a great Buddha statue, big Buddha statue, large Buddha statue 大仏

- - - - - Read the details here :
Buddha Statues : DAIBUTSU - - Mark Schumacher

The best known BIG BUDDHA statues in Japan are

in Nara - consecrated in 752.

and in Kamakura - consecrated in 1252.
The temple around it was destroyed by a tsunami in 1495.

. 鎌倉 Kamakura, a Haiku Town .

. Folk Toys from Kamakura .
with a Daibutsu made from lego !

. Daibutsu in Kyoto 京都の大仏様 .
京都大仏御殿 / Hookooji 方広寺 Hoko-Ji ...


- quote -
The Gifu Great Buddha
岐阜大仏 Gifu Daibutsu

is a large Buddhist statue located in Shōhō-ji in Gifu City, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. It was conceived by the 11th head priest of Kinpouzan Shōhō temple, Ichyuu, around 1790, in hopes of averting large earthquakes and famines. Ichyuu died in 1815 before it was completed, but his successor, Priest Kohshuu completed it in April 1832, after 38 years of construction. It is one of the three great Buddha portrait statues in Japan.
The Great Buddha of Gifu is unique due to the method of its construction.
First, a central pillar 1.8 meters in circumference was formed from ginkgo tree wood. The Buddha's shape was then formed using bamboo lattices. The bamboo was covered with clay to add shape and many Buddhist scriptures were then placed upon the clay. Finally, the scriptures were covered in lacquer and gold leaf, giving the Buddha the appearance that it has today.
- source : wikipedia-


Here we are concerned with the aspect of these Buddhas and other hotoke in Haiku.

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

BIG Daruma at temple Koryu-Ji in Hokkaido 高龍寺

大仏名鑑 - All the BIG statues of Japan !

source : sakahara 坂原弘康


Daibutsu - just the name makes for a good commercial!

There are so many Daibutsu items on sale !
Even the nose poop 鼻くそ and navel poop へそのごま of Daibutsu!
Most are from the Nara Daibutsu.

Daibutsu anpan
Daibutsu cider
Daibutsu pudding,
Daibutsu krokke croquette
Daibutsu gummi sweets from Shonan / Kamakura

. . . CLICK here for more Photos !


. Nara no Hotoke 奈良
The Buddha Statues of Nara and Haiku


Haiku by Masaoka Shiki

daibutsu no kata hada no yuki toke ni keri

The snow on one shoulder
of the image of Great Buddha
has thawed.

Tr. Hugh Bygott

on one shoulder
of the Great Buddha
the snow has thawed ...

Translation Discussion by Gabi Greve


The snow has melted
On one shoulder
Of the Great Buddha.

Life is asymmetrical in its essential character, and it is natural for us to rejoice in it, for it is the guarantee of our spiritualfreedom. Even on the Great Buddha, for all the Law of Karma and theinviolable Wheel of the Law, the snow melts irregularly.

Tr. and Comment by Blyth


............. Tanka about the Daibutsu of Kamakura

火に焼けず 雨にも朽ちぬ 鎌倉の
はだか仏は 常仏かも

Look at some PHOTOS !


about the Daibutsu in Nara

Daibutsu no ashimoto ni neru yozamu kana

sleeping at the feet
of the Big Buddha -
what a cold night

Tr. Gabi Greve


Photo Gabi Greve
Temple Buttsu-Ji, Okayama, 2004

yukashisa ya ochiba kaburishi hotoketachi

Imaizumi Sogetsu (c. 1750 - 1804), a woman poet

How lovely!
Fallen leaves have reached and veiled
an image of Buddha.

Tr. Hugh Bygott

how lovely -
the stone Buddhas coverd
by fallen leaves

Translation Discussion by Gabi Greve


Comment by Larry Bole :

Mysterious loveliness!
Buddhist statues
Covered in fallen leaves.

Tr. Blyth

Blyth makes no comment on it, but considering that he only translates one other haiku by Sogetsu-ni, one can conclude that he thought this haiku was the most representative/best of her work.

If you want to compare Sogetsu-ni's haiku quoted above to a haiku by Shiki, how about this one of his, written in 1894:

ote no ue ni ochiba tamarinu tachibotoke

Stone Buddha standing there--
fallen leaves settled
in his hands

tr. Burton Watson

Sogetsu-ni's haiku, for all its loveliness, seems to be about mostly that: loveliness. No one has ever said that the tsukinami poets (and I'm not saying Sogetsu-ni was one) weren't skillful, within their artistic limitations. I suspect that pretty, technically-accomplished haiku were manufactured seemingly effortlessly by the tsukinami poets.


divine mystery
in these autumn leaves that fall
on stony buddhas

Tanrısal gizem;
bu güz düşen yapraklar
taş Buda’lara.

Turgay Uçeren


. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .

When Basho visited Todaiji in Nara, the temple was still under repair after the destruction wrought by the civil wars of the sixteenth century. The Great Buddha statue was only finally completed in 1692, after the visit by Basho described above, and the statue sat for years in the open like the Great Buddha in Kamakura.

The new Buddha Hall (which is the present one) was finally finished in 1708, and Basho did not live to see this. He grieved for the Buddha in its sad state, for at that time even the head had not been restored yet. Basho saw only the rump of the statue, slowly being covered by the first snow of the year, and he wrote:

hatsu yuki ya itsu Daibutsu no hashira date

first snow!
when will the temple building start
for the Great Buddha?

© Ad G. Blankestijn,
with more memorial stones on this LINK

The year's first snowfall!
When are the columns of Daibutsu
Temple to be erected?

Tr. Oseko

Written in December Genroku 2. 元禄2年12月

Daibutsuden, the current Hall for the Great Buddha was built in 1709.


 Tr. by David Landis Barnhill :

Visiting the Southern Capital, I yearned for the eventual building of the Buddha Hall

first snow--
for the Great Buddha, when
will the columns be raised?

Barnhill also gives an earlier version of this hokku:

yuki kanashi itsu Daibutsu no kawarabuki

the snow is sad:
when will the Great Buddha
have its tiled roof?

It took about two years after the visit of Basho until the roof was preliminary fixed and the statue out of danger.

how sad to see it snowing!
when will the Gread Buddha Hall
get its roof tiled?

Tr. Gabi Greve

round tiles from the Daibutsu Hall
now a sweet from Nara
天平時代大仏殿の巴瓦 - tomoegawara

. . . CLICK here for Photos of the tiles !

. Temple Todai-Ji 東大寺 - Nara .


daibutsu no te ni aru omoi hinataboko

like lying
in the palm of the Great Buddha—
winter sunshine

Takaha Shugyo 鷹羽狩行
Tr. Hoshino Tsunehiko & Adrian Pinnington

I feel like sitting
in the hands of the Great Buddha —
basking in the winter sun

hinataboko ... to take a sunbath in winter, to sit in the winter sunshine
basking in the sun
kigo for all winter
when you sit at the veranda or a sheltered place and feel the warmth of the sunshine.

This haiku is about the feeling (omoi) of the author.


Issa has a few about the Great Buddha

daibutsu no hana kara detaru tsubame kana

from the great bronze
Buddha’s nose...
a swallow!

Tr. David Lanoue ... read more haiku here !

from Great Buddha’s
nose pour forth

Tr. Bob Jones

Related words

***** Shin Daibutsu-Ji 新大仏寺 New Daibutsu Temple
Iga, Mie. With a statue of Fudo Myo-O

***** Gods of Japan (kami to hotoke)... General introduction

***** Dead body, deceased person (hotoke)

***** Stone Buddhas and Haiku ... Gabi Greve

***** Imaizumi Sogetsu-ni . 今泉素月尼


東大寺大佛 The Big Buddha of Todai-Ji
Asano Takeji 浅野竹二 (1900 - 1999)

大仏 Kamakura Daibutsu
Kawase Hasui 月川瀬 巴水 (1883 – 1957)





Memorial Days START


...................... Saijiki

Memorial Days of Famous People


***** Location: Worldwide
***** Season: See below
***** Category: Observance

Like all kigo,

these memorial day kigo are embedded in the flow of things, the changes of the seasons ...

We remember a person of the past,
honor him today with a poem and
hope for him to be "alive" in the future of mankind

... in the endless flow of time,
the timeless flow of things ...
(whatever you tend to call it).



Memorial Days in a Japanese Saijiki usually end with the word "KI" 忌 and denote the death anniversary of a person. In the text below I have left out the repetition of "Memorial day for" and only added the name of the person and KI.
Some days are calculated according to the Asian Lunar Calendar.
We also have memorial days for a birthday or other special day in the life of a person.

Other words to express a memorial day or memorial service in Japanese:

Ceremony, e 会
Memorial ceremony, goku 御供, goki 御忌, kuyoo 供養
Visiting a temple in memory of a person, mairi 参, moode 詣
Group in memory of a person, koo 講

Kaisan Ki 開山忌 , Memorial Day for the Founder of This Temple, is often used, when his name is not so famous after all but the temple became famous later. In this case, the personal name is sometimes not used.

. kaisan 開山 temple founder
kaisandoo 開山堂 Founder's hall .

This is a saijiki of the most common memorial days, not only of Japan but of other famous people worldwide that have come to notice during the compilation of the World Kigo Database.

It is arranged in alphabetical order of family names or the names they are best known, according to the seasons. Some famous persons can have entries in more than one season, when events in their lifetime are celebrated.

Japanese can have more than one KI name to be remembered by. I will try and list them all.
Use the LINK of a given name to find more information about this person.

For entries under construction, an external FACTS LINK to the Wikipedia is used most often.

Enjoy this walk through the lifes of famous people, from art, religion, politics, literature and other fields of human society.

Please use your own browser to find a name.

Gabi Greve, May 2007

. WKD Kigo Calendar - the 12 Months .
Check here for the most important days.

Related words

***** Birthday (tanjoobi) and Kigo

***** Saijiki of Buddhist, Shinto and other Ceremonies and Events of Japan and related kigo

***** World Days ..... a growing kigo list

***** Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets

***** Introducing Famous Japanese People
Darumapilgrims by Gabi Greve

***** . Darumapedia - PERSONS - main index .

***** Japanese Culture
seen with the eyes of its Haiku Poets

. . . . .

The Asian Lunar Calendar and Ceremonies

A lunar month started with no-moon, had the full moon on the 15th and 28 days to go.
The first lunar month of a year started the round of 12 months.
With the calendar reform in Japan, things changed, making the life of a haiku poet more difficult. The seasons for birthdays and memorial days changed.

Please read the details here:

. The Asian Lunar Calendar and the
changing Dates of Japanese Ceremonies





Memorial Days SPRING



Memorial Days of Famous People




CLICK for more photos
AKAHIKO, Shimaki Akahiko 島木赤彦 (しまき あかひこ)
1876年(明治9年)12月17日 - 1926年(大正15年)3月27日 March 27)
Akahiko Ki 赤彦忌 (あかひこき)
Shimaki Akahiko GOOGLE

ANGO, Sakaguchi Ango 坂口 安吾
February 17. 1906 - 1955) Novelist
Ango Ki 安吾忌 (あんごき)
Ango Sakaguchi / FACTS

BRIGID, Saint Brigid Ireland
St. Brigid (or Bridget, Brighid, Bridgid or Bríd)
February 1.

BUDDHA Shakyamuni Birthday
Kanbutsu E 潅仏会 and many more kigo

CHIKUREI, Tsunoda Chikurei 角田竹冷
March 20. 1856-1919, Haiku Poet.
Chikurei Ki 竹冷忌 (ちくれいき)
Choousoo Ki 聴雨窓忌(ちょううそうき)

FUKIO, Shiba Fukio 芝不器男
February 24. 1903年(明治36年)4月18日 - 1930年(昭和5年)2月24日)Haiku Poet in Matsuyama.
Fukio Ki 不器男忌 (ふきおき)
Shiba Fukio / LINKS

GENSEI, Saint Gensei, Gensei Shoonin 元政上人

1623―1668)April 28.
Gensei Ki 元政忌 (げんせいき)

GETTO, Aoki Getto 青木月斗
March 13. 1879–1949). Haiku poet.
Getto Ki 月斗忌 (げっとき) Getto memorial day

GIOO, Gio 祗王 the dancer Gio, mistress of Kiyomori
kigo for mid-spring
Gioo Ki 妓王忌 (ぎおうき)
Gioo Ki 祗王忌(ぎおうき)

GYOKI Bosatsu Gyooki, Gyōki 行基菩薩
Gyooki Mairi 行基参, Gyooki moode 行基詣,
Gyooki Bosatsu-ki 行基菩薩忌 Memorial Day
... also Nozaki Pilgrimage, Japan

HITOMARU Kakinomoto no Hitomaro (柿本人麻呂)
Poet, c. 662 - 710. included in the Man'yōshū Poetry Collection
Hitomaru Ki 人丸忌 (ひとまるき)
Hitomaru Ki 人麿忌(ひとまろき)
Hitomaru Matsuri 人丸祭(ひとまるまつり)

HONEN (Hoonen Shoonin) 法然上人
Gyoki 御忌, Gyoki Moode 御忌詣 
..... Hoonen Ki 法然忌 (ほうねんき)
..... Gyoki Ceremony, Gyoki e 御忌会 
Enkoo Ki 円光忌(えんこうき)
Gyoki no tera 御忌の寺(ぎょきのてら)Temple with a memorial ceremony for Honen
Gyoki no kane 御忌の鐘(ぎょきのかね)Ringing the bell for Honen
Bentoo hajime 弁当始め(べんとうはじめ)First eating of a Lunch Box
Ishoo kurabe 衣裳競べ(いしょうくらべ)Competition of Costumes
Gyoki kosode 御忌小袖(ぎょきこそで)Festive Kimonos for Honen Competition
Kyoo no himotoki 経の紐解(きょうのひもとき)Openeing the knots of the Sutras
Yugyoo-Ji Kaisan-Ki 遊行寺開山忌 Memorial Day of the Founder of Temple Yugyoo-Ji

HOOSAI, Ozaki Hoosai, Ozaki Hosai
20 January 1885 - 7 April 1926
Hoosai Ki 放哉忌 (ほうさいき)

HYAKKEN, Uchida Hyakken 内田百間
May 29, 1889—April 20, 1971.
Hyakken Ki 百閒忌 (ひゃっけんき)
Hyakki-En Ki 百鬼園忌(ひゃっきえんき)
Mokuren Ki 木蓮忌(もくれんき)
WKD : Hyakken Uchida Hyakken

Ingen Ryuuki, 隠元隆き, 隠元隆琦(いんげん・りゅうき)
文禄元年11月4日(1592年12月7日) - 寛文13年4月3日(1673年5月19日)
Chinese Name: Yin-yuan Longqi
Ingen-Ki 隠元忌 (いんげんき)

JAYANTI, Ambedkar Jayanti, Birthday India.

JOOSOO, Naitoo Joosoo 内藤丈草
April 24. 寛文2年(1662年) - 宝永元年(1704年)
One of the 10 important disciples of Basho.
Joosoo Ki 丈草忌 (じょうそうき)
Naito Joso / FACTS

KAFUU, Nagai Kafu 永井 荷風
December 4, 1879 - April 30, 1959. Novelist
Kafuu Ki 荷風忌 (かふうき)
Nagai Kafu / FACTS

KANOKO, Okamoto Kanoko 岡本かの子
1 March 1889 - 18 February 1939. Author, tanka poet and Buddhism scholar.
Kanoko no ki かの子忌 (かのこき)
Kanoko Okamoto / FACTS

KANZOO, Uchimura Kanzo 内村鑑三
26 March 1861 – 28 March 1930.
Japanese author, Christian evangelist, and the founder of the Nonchurch Movement (Mukyōkai) of Christianity
Kanzoo Ki 鑑三忌 (かんぞうき)
Uchimura Kanzō / FACTS

KENKOO, Yoshida Kenko 吉田兼好
弘安6年(1283年) - 観応元年/正平5年4月8日(1350年5月14日)
Autor of Tsurezuregusa 徒然草 Essays in Idleness.
Kenkoo Ki 兼好忌 (けんこうき)

KIKAKU, Enomoto Kikaku
(1661-1707) Tarai Kikaku 宝井基角
Kikaku Ki 基角忌 (きかくき)
Shinshi Ki 晋子忌(しんしき)
Shinoo Ki 晋翁忌(しんおうき)

KOBO DAISHI, Kukai (Kooboo Daishi, Kuukai)  弘法大師 空海
Kuukai-Ki 空海忌 Kukai-Ki
..... Miei-Ku 御影供 Memorial Service for Kobo Daishi
Shoo Miei-Ku 正御影供(しょうみえいく), Mieku みえく
Miei koo 御影講(みえいこう)
Kooboo Ki 弘法忌(こうぼうき), Kuukai Ki 空海忌(くうかいき
Kooboo San 弘法さん(こうぼうさん)
O koromo gae 御衣替(おころもがえ)
O koromo i 御衣井(おころもい)、
o muro mairi 御室詣(おむろまいり)
Takao san moode 高雄山女詣(たかおさんおんなもうで)

KOOETSU, Hon'ami Koetsu 本阿弥光悦
1558-1637 - craftsman, potter, lacquerer, and calligrapher
Kooetsu Ki 光悦忌 (こうえつき)
Honami Koetsu / FACTS

. KOMACHI, Ono no Komachi 小野 小町 (おののこまち) .
c. 825 — c. 900. Waka Poetess and Beauty
Komachi Ki 小町忌 (こまちき)
Ono no Komachi Ki 小野小町忌(おののこまちき)

KOOTAROO, Takamura Kotaro 高村 光太郎
March 13, 1883 – April 2, 1956). Poet and sculptor
Kootaroo Ki 光太郎忌 (こうたろうき)
Rengyoo Ki 連翹忌(れんぎょうき)
Kōtarō Takamura / FACTS

KUBUTSU, Ootani Kubutsu, 大谷句仏
otani Koen. Ootani Kooen 大谷光演(おおたに こうえん)
February 6. 1875年(明治8年)2月27日 - 1943年(昭和18年)2月6日)
Priest at Higashi Honganji, Kyoto. Haiku poet.
Kubutsu Ki 句仏忌 (くぶつき)
Otani Kubutsu / LINKS
. Honganji 本願寺 Hongan-Ji, Hongwanji . Kyoto

KYOSHI, Takahama Kyoshi 高浜 虚子
(22 February 1874 — 8 April 1959)
Kyohsi Ki 虚子忌 (きょしき )
Chinju Ki 椿寿忌(ちんじゅき)

MEISETSU, Naito Meisetsu, Naitoo Meisetsu 内藤鳴雪
Naito Meisetsu and Daruma san /Memorial Day of Meisetsu
February 20. 1847 - 1926. Haiku Poet of the Meiji Period. 
Meisetsu Ki 鳴雪忌 (めいせつき)
"Old Plum Tree Day", Roobai Ki 老梅忌(ろうばいき)

MOKICHI, Saitoo, Saitō Mokichi 斎藤茂吉
1882年5月14日(戸籍では7月27日) - 1953年2月25日 February 25)
Tanka Poet.
He was the family doctor of Ryūnosuke Akutagawa and assisted in his suicide.
Mokichi Ki 茂吉忌 (もきちき)

OOISHI Kuranosuke and the 47 Ronin
February 4. Chushingura. Oishi Kuranosuke
Ooishi Ki 大石忌 (おおいしき)

O-KUNI, Izumo no O-Kuni 出雲の阿国,
Kabuki Theater ... 歌舞伎
(1572?-?) Dancer.
main founder of kabuki theater. She was believed to be a miko shrine maiden at the Grand Shrine of Izumo who began a new style of dance in the dry riverbeds of Kyoto.
Okuni Ki お国忌 (おくにき)
Okuni Ki 阿国忌(おくにき)
Izumo no Okuni / FACTS

PATRICK, Saint Patrick Ireland
March 17.
Christian missionary and is the patron saint of Ireland.

PICASSO, Pablo Ruiz Picasso
(October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973), Spain. Painter

RENNYO, Saint Rennyo 蓮如
(1415-1499) 8th abbot of the Jōdo Shinshū sect.
Rennyo-Ki 蓮如忌 (れんにょき)
Yoshizaki moode 吉崎詣(よしざきもうで)
Rennyo / FACTS
. The Pine Tree of Priest Rennyo at Morinomiya .

RIKYUU, Sen no Rikkyu 千利休 Sen Rikyu
1522 - April 21, 1591. Tea Master
Rikyuu Ki 利休忌 (りきゅうき)
Sooeki Ki 宗易忌(そうえきき)
Rikyuu Ki 利久忌(りきゅうき)

RYOKAN (Ryookan) 良寛
1758-1831. One of the best known monk-poets. Nickname: Great Fool、Taigu 大愚
Ryookan Ki 良寛忌 (りょうかんき)

SAIGYO, Saigyo Hooshi (西行法師)
Saigyoo Ki 西行忌 (さいぎょうき)
Saigyo Hooshi (西行法師) and the Cherry Blossoms
En-I Ki 円位忌(えんいき)

SAIMARO, Shiigamoto Saimaro 椎本才麿 (しいがもとさいまろ)
(1656-1738) Poet from Osaka
Saimaro Ki 才麿忌 (さいまろき)

SAISEI, Murou Saisei 室生犀星
March 26. 1889年(明治22年)8月1日 - 1962年(昭和37年)3月26日)
Poet and novelist.
Saisei Ki 犀星忌 (さいせいき)

SANETOMO, Minamoto no Sanetomo (源 実朝)
September 17, 1192 – February 13, 1219, r. 1203–1219)
third shogun of the Kamakura shogunate
Sanetomo Ki 実朝忌 (さねともき)
Kingai Ki 金槐忌(きんかいき)、
Kamakura Daijin Ki 鎌倉右大臣忌(かまくらうだいじんき)
Minamoto no Sanetomo and Kamakura

SANKI, Saitoo Sanki 西東三鬼
1900年(明治33年)5月15日 - 1962年(昭和37年)4月1日)Haiku Poet
三鬼忌 (さんきき)
Saitoo Ki 西東忌(さいとうき)
Sanki no Ki三鬼の忌(さんきのき)
 Saito Sanki and Shinko Haiku

SANTEI 三汀忌, Kume Santei 久米三汀
Masao Kume (久米正雄)
February 29. 1891 - 1925. Writer of the Meiji Period.
Santei Ki 三汀忌 (さんていき)
Bikushoo Ki 微苦笑忌(びくしょうき)
Kaidoo Ki 海棠忌(かいどうき)
Kume Masao / FACTS

SEIGETSU, Murakami Seigetsu 村上霽月
Murakami Hantaroo
February 15.1869-1946 Haiku poet of the Meiji period.
Seigetsu Ki 霽月忌 (せいげつき)
Murakami Seigetsu / LINKS

SHOTOKU TAISHI Shootoku Taishi 聖徳太子
Shooryoo-E 聖霊会 Memorial Ceremonies for
Shootoku Taishi 聖徳太子 (Shotoku Taishi) and Daruma san in Japan !
Taishi Memorial Service, Taishi E 太子会 (たいしえ)
Prince Shōtoku (聖徳太子, Shōtoku Taishi, 573–621), also known as Prince Umayado (厩戸皇子, Umayado no ōji) / FACTS

SHOOYOO, Tsubouchi Shoyo 坪内 逍遥
(May 22, 1859 - February 28, 1935) Tsubouchi Shōyō
Japanese author, critic, playwright, translator and editor
Shooyoo Ki 逍遙忌 しょうようき
Tsubouchi Shoyo / FACTS

SHUNKAN, Priest Shunkan 俊寛
1143-79), Death Day - April 22,
There is a famous Noh Play with his name.
Shunkan-Ki 俊寛忌 (しゅうかんき)
Shunka Memorial Service on the 17 and 22 of each month
..... Shunkan Hooyoo (俊寛法要)
Shunkan / FACTS

SOOIN, Nishiyama Soin 西山宗因
March 28. 1605, Higo Province, Japan, died May 5, 1682, Kyoto)
慶長10年(1605年) - 天和2年3月28日(1682年5月5日)
Renga Poet of the early Edo Period.
Sooin Ki 宗因忌 (そういんき)
Saioo Ki 西翁忌(さいおうき)
Baioo Ki 梅翁忌(ばいおうき)
Nishiyama Soin and the "Danrin School" Danrin-Ha 談林派

SOOKYUU, Narita Sookyuu 成田蒼虬, 成田蒼磊
March 13. Haiku Poet of the late Edo Period. 成田蒼きゅう
Second inhabitant of the Basho-An.
Sookyuu Ki 蒼虬忌 (そうきゅうき)

SUGAWARA no Michizane, Tenjin 菅原道真
(845 - March 26, 903), also known as Kan Shōjō (菅丞相)
Kitano Natane Goku 北野菜種御供 (きたのなたねごく)
Kitano Baikasai 北野梅花祭(きたのばいかさい)Kitano Plum Blossom Ceremony
... Baika Goku 梅花御供(ばいかごく)
Tenjin Goki 天神御忌(てんじんごき)、
Michizane-Ki 道真忌(みちざねき)
Sugawara no Michizane / FACTS

TAKASHI, Nagatsuka Takashi 長塚節(ながつか たかし)
February 8. 1879年4月3日 - 1915年2月8日)Poet.
Takashi Ki 節忌 (たかしき)
Takashi Nagatsuka / FACTS

TAKIJI, Kobayashi Takiji 小林 多喜二
October 13, 1903–February 20, 1933. Author of proletarian literature.
Takiji Ki 多喜二忌 たきじき
Takiji Kobayashi / FACTS

TAKUBOKU, Ishikawa Takuboku 石川 啄木
February 20, 1886–April 13, 1912. Poet
Takuboku Ki 啄木忌 (たくぼくき)

TATSUJI, Miyoshi Tatsuji 三好達治
23 August 1900 – 5 April 1964), poet, literary critic, and literary editor
Tatsuki Ki 達治忌 (たつじき)
Miyoshi Ki 三好忌(みよしき)
"Sea Gull Day", Kamome Ki 鴎忌(かもめき)
Tatsuji Miyoshi / FACTS

UKON, Takayama Ukon 高山右近
(1552 - February 4, 1615),Dom Justo Takayama
Christian Feudal Lord in the Early Edo Period
Ukon Ki 右近忌 (うこんき)
Takayama Ukon Ki 高山右近忌(たかやまうこんき)
Dom Justo Takayama / FACTS

UMEWAKA Memorial Day and Temple Mokubo-Ji
木母寺(もくぼじ) and Legend of Umewakamaru 梅若丸伝説
Great Amida Prayer Ceremony (Mokuboji dainenbutsu 木母寺大念仏)
Umewaka Ki 梅若忌 (うめわかき)
Umewasa Matsuri Festival 梅若祭(うめわかまつり)
Umewaka no namida ame, rain of tears
..... 梅若の涙雨(うめわかのなみだあめ)、
umewasasama 梅若様(うめわかさま)
Umewaka goto梅若ごと(うめわかごと)
Koto no hi ことの日(ことのひ)
Koto Matsuri こと祭(ことまつり)

Saint VALENTINE Italia
St. Valentine

YABA, Shida Yaba 志太野坡 - (Shida Yaha) 志太野波
[1662~1740]One of the 10 important disciples of Basho.
Yaba Ki 野波忌 (やばき) / 野坡忌

YASUNARI, Yasunari Kawabata 川端康成
Yasunari Ki 康成忌 (やすなりき)

YOSHINAKA, Kiso Yoshinaka 木曾義仲
War Lord. 1154 - 1184. Minamoto no Yoshinaka 源義仲
Yoshinaka Ki 義仲忌 (よしなかき)
(and more about Tomoe Gozen 巴御前)

YUUGIRI, Yugiri, "Evening Mist"
famous character in the Genji Monogatari and
courtesan Yugiri Dayu 夕霧太夫 of later days
Yuugiri Ki 夕霧忌 (ゆうぎりき)

ZENDOO Daishi 善導大師
Priest Shan-tao from China. (613 - 681, March 24)
Pure Land Sect of Buddhism.
Zendoo-Ki (善導忌)
Statue of Zendo Daishi at Komyo-Ji, Kamakura
Statue of Zendo Daishi at Komyo-Ji, Kamakura



. Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets  

***** Saijiki of Famous People



Memorial Days SUMMER



Memorial Days of Famous People



AKIKO, Yosano Akiko 与謝野 晶子(よさの あきこ)
7 December 1878 - 29 May 1942. Poet, pioneering feminist, pacifist, and social reformer
Akiko Ki 晶子忌 (あきこき)
Akiko Yosano / FACTS
- Toyotama Tsuno und Yosano Akiko -

AKINARI, Ueda Akinari, Ueda Shūsei (上田 秋成)
June 27. July 25, 1734, Osaka - August 8, 1809, Kyoto)
author, scholar, and waka poet
Akinari Ki 秋成忌 (あきなりき)
Ueda Akinari / FACTS

BOOSHA, Kawabata Bosha, 川端茅舎
July 17. 1897年8月17日 - 1941年7月17日
Haiku Poet.
Boosha Ki 茅舎忌 (ぼうしゃき)

Curie, Madame Curie
(7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934)
Kyurii fujin sai キュリー夫人祭 (きゅりーふじんさい)
Kyuri ki キュリー忌(きゅりーき) / Kyuurii ki キュウリー忌

DENGYOO Daishi Saichoo 伝教大師最澄
(766-822). Priest
Dengyoo-E 伝教会

DOPPO, Kunikida Doppo 国木田 独歩(くにきだ どっぽ)
15 July 1871 – 23 June 1908
明治4年7月15日(1871年8月30日) - 明治41年(1908年)6月23日)Novelist.
Doppo Ki 独歩忌 (どっぽき)
Kunikida Doppo 國木田 獨歩/ FACTS

EISAI 栄西, Eisai Zenji Eisai Zenji 栄西禅師
(April 20, 1141–July 5, 1215)
Eisai-Ki 栄西忌
Kennin-Ji Kaisan Ki 建仁寺開山忌(けんにんじかいさんき)
Myōan Eisai (明菴栄西) / FACTS

FUJIO, Akimoto Fujio 秋元不死男
July 25. 1901年11月3日 - 1977年7月25日
He supervised a poetry journal called Hyokai.
Fujio Ki 不死男忌 (ふじおき)
Kanro Ki 甘露忌(かんろき)
Manza Ki万座忌(まんざき)
Akimoto Fujio 秋元不死男

FUMIKO, Hayashi Fumiko 林 芙美子
June 2. December 31, 1903 or 1904 - June 28, 1951)
Novelist and poet.
Fumiko Ki 芙美子忌 (ふみこき)

Priest GANJIN 鑑真
Ganjin-Ki 鑑真忌

恵心僧都源信. Tendai and Pure Land Sect of Buddhism Priest.
Genjin-Ki 源信忌
Eshin-Ki 惠信忌 (えしんき)

HARUO, Sato Haruo, Satoo Haruo 佐藤春夫
born April 9, 1892, Shingu, Wakayama prefecture, Japan
died May 6, 1964, Tokyo
Japanese poet, novelist, and critic whose fiction is noted for its poetic vision and romantic imagination.
Haruo Ki 春夫忌 (はるおき)
Two Japanese Haiku

HOKUSAI, Katsushika Hokusai 葛飾北斎
1817 Bunka 14 58 October 5, depiction of ukiyo-e, the floating world woodblock prints
Hokusai Ki 北斎忌 (ほくさいき)

HOKUSHI, Tachibana Hokushi 立花北枝
(1665-1718) 生年不詳 - 享保3年5月12日. One of Basho's 10 famous disciples.
Hokushi Ki 北枝忌 (ほくしき)
Chooshi Ki 趙子忌(ちょうしき)

HOOMEI, Iwano Homei, Iwano Hōmei 岩野 泡鳴
1873.1.20 - 1920.5.9. poetry, fiction, criticism
Hoomei Ki 泡鳴忌 (ほうめいき)
Iwano Homei / FACTS

IEYASU, Tokugawa Ieyasu 徳川家康
Founder of the Edo Shogunat Government, 1543 - 1616
Iyeyasu Ki 家康忌 (いえやすき)

INUKAI, Inukai Tsuyoshi 犬養 毅
Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi, Killed on May 15, 1932
Mokudoo Ki 木堂忌 もくどうき
Inukai Ki 犬養忌(いぬかいき)
Inukai Tsuyoshi / FACTS May 15

JOOZAN, Ishikawa Jozan 石川丈山
May 23. 1583年(天正11年) - 1672年6月18日(寛文12年5月23日)
Poet and Scholar of Chinese poetry in the early Edo period.
Joozan Ki 丈山忌 (じょうざんき)

KIGIN, Kitamura Kigin 北村季吟
June 15. 1623-1705.
Haiku Poet, teacher of Basho.
Kigin Ki 季吟忌 (きぎんき)
Shuusui Ken Ki 拾穂軒忌(しゅうすいけんき)

KONGOOSHOO JI. Kongosho Temple Founders Day
Promoted by Emperor 欽明天皇のころ(539-71)
First Priest was Kyotai 暁台上人.
Later Kobo Daishi enlarged the temple.
Memorial Day for the first priest,
..... Kongooshoo-ji Kaisan-Ki 金剛証寺開山忌
Japanese LINK with Photos of the Temple

KOORIN, Ogata Korin, 尾形光琳
1657 - June 2, 1716). Artist, painter and lacquer master.
rinpa 琳派 Rinpa school of painting named after him.
Koorin Ki 光琳忌 (こうりんき)

KOOROKU, Sato Koroku, Satoo Kooroku 佐藤紅緑
June 3. 1874年(明治7年)7月6日 - 1949年(昭和24年)6月3日)
Haiku Poet of Northern Japan. Studend of Kyoshi.
Kooroku Ki 紅緑忌 (こうろくき)

MANTAROO, Kubota Mantaro 久保田万太郎
11 November 1889 - 6 May 1963. Haiku Poet
Mantaroo Ki 万太郎忌 (まんたろうき)
San-u Ki 傘雨忌(さんうき)
Mantarō Kubota / FACTS

NARIHIRA, Ariwara no Narihira (在原業平)
825 - May 28, 880) waka poet
Narihira Ki 業平忌 (なりひらき)
Zaigo Ki 在五忌(ざいごき)"fifth son memorial day"

NOBUNAGA, Oda Nobunaga 織田信長
Nobunaga Ki 信長忌 Nobunaga Memorial Day
(June 23, 1534 – June 21, 1582)

OOGAI, Mori Ogai Mori Ōgai (森 鷗外 / 森 鴎外)
(17 February 1862–8 July 1922) Physician, translator, novelist and poet.
Oogai Ki 鷗外忌 (おうがいき)
Mori Ōgai / FACTS

. OOTOO, Dazai Osamu 太宰 治 .
June 13. 明治42年(1909年)6月19日 - 昭和23年(1948年)6月13日)
Fiction autor.
Ootoo Ki 桜桃忌 (おうとうき) ("Cherry and Peach Day")
Dazai-Ki 太宰忌(だざいき)Dazai Memorial Day

Perry Festival ペリー祭 Perii sai
Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858)

RAITE-U, Hiratsuka Raiteu 平塚らいてう
Raichō Hiratsuka (平塚雷鳥 Hiratsuka Raichō, Hiratsuka Haruko)
May 24. 1886年2月10日 - 1971年5月24日
Activist for the Liberation of Women
Raite-U Ki らいてう忌
Raichoo Ki らいちょうき
Hiratsuka Raichō / LINKS

REDON, Odilon Redon
(April 22, 1840 – July 6, 1916) France. Painter

ROHAN, Kooda Rohan, Kōda 幸田 露伴 Koda Rohan
23 July 1867 – 30 July 1947. Author. He lived in Kagyu-an 蝸牛庵 "snail cottage".
Rohan Ki 露伴忌 (ろはんき)
Kagyuu KI 蝸牛忌(かぎゅうき)

RYUNOSUKE, Akutagawa Ryunosuke 芥川 龍之介
(March 1, 1892 - July 24, 1927) Writer.
Gaki ki 餓鬼忌 and the Ghosts
Kappa ki 河童忌, Chookoodoo ki 澄江堂

SACHIO, Ito Sachio 伊藤佐千夫
18 September 1864 - 30 July 1913) Tanka poet and novelist.
Sachio Ki 左千夫忌 (さちおき)
Sachio Itō / FACTS

SAKUTAROO, Hagiwara Sakutaro 萩原朔太郎
(1886 - 1942, May 11) free verse poet
Sakutaro Ki 朔太郎忌 (さくたろうき)

. SANPUU, Sugiyama Sanpu 杉山杉風 (Sampu) .
June 13.
One of the 10 importand disciples of Basho.
Sanpuu Ki 杉風忌 (さんぷうき)
Koiya Ki 鯉屋忌(こいやき)"Carp Dealer" Day

SEIHOO, Shimada Seiho 嶋田青峰
May 31. 1882 - 1944. Haiku Poet.
Seihoo Ki 青峰忌 (せいほうき)
Shimada Seiho / LINKS

died 5月24日 in Otsu. Blind Biwa Musician. There is a shrine in his honour, 蝉丸神社 Semimaru Jinja.
Semimaru Ki 蝉丸忌 (せみまるき)
Semimaru Matsuri Festival蝉丸祭(せみまるまつり)
Seki no Myoojin Matsuri 関明神祭(せきのみょうじんまつり)
The Legend of Semimaru, Blind Musician of Japan

SHIHOODA, Sakamoto Shihoda 坂本四方太
Sakamoto Yomota. May 16. 1871 - 1916 / 1873 - 1917
Haiku Poet, disciple of Masaoka Shiki.
Shihooda Ki 四方太忌 しほうだき
Sakamoto Yomota / LINKS

SHIMEI, Futabatei Shimei 二葉亭四迷
元治元年2月28日(1864年4月4日) - 明治42年(1909年)5月10日)
Poet. Born Hasegawa Tatsunosuke (長谷川辰之助)
Shimei Ki 四迷忌 (しめいき)
Futabatei Shimei / FACTS

SHIMEI, Nakagawa Shimei 中川四明(なかがわ・しめい)
1849-1917. Disciple of Takahama Kyoshi.
Shimei Ki 四明忌 (しめいき)
Nakagawa Shimei LINKS

SHIROO, Inoue Shiro 井上士朗
May 16. 1742 - 1712
寛保二年(一七四二)- 文化九年五月十六日(一八一二)
Medical doctor, haiga painter and Haiku Poet from Nagoya.
Shiroo Ki 士朗忌 (しろうき)
Biwaen Ki 枇杷園忌(びわえんき)Biwa-En was his haiku name.
Shujusoo Ki 朱樹叟忌 (しゅじゅそうき)

SOOSHIN, Yoshino Hideo 吉野秀雄
July 13. (3 July 1902 - 13 July 1967) Waka Poet.
Sooshin Ki 艸心忌 そうしんき
Yoshino Hideo Ki 吉野秀雄忌(よしのひでおき)
Hideo Yoshino / FACTS

TAKAKO, Hashimoto Takako 橋本多佳子
(January 15, 1899 - May 29, 1963)
Takako Ki 多佳子忌 (たかこき)

TAKASHI, Matsumoto Takashi 松本たかし
5 January 1906 – 11 May 1956) Haiku Poet
Takashi Ki たかし忌 (たかしき)
"Peony Day", Botan Ki 牡丹忌
Takashi Matsumoto / FACTS

TANIZAKI, Jun'ichirō Tanizaki (谷崎 潤一郎
(24 July 1886 — 30 July 1965)
Tanizaki Ki 谷崎忌 (たにざきき)
Junichiroo Ki 潤一郎忌(じゅんいちろうき)
Tanizaki Jun'ichirō / FACTS

TATSUO, Hori Tatsuo 堀 辰雄
28 December 1904 – 28 May 1953. Writer, poet, and translator
Tatsuo Ki 辰雄忌 (たつおき)
Hori Tatsuo / FACTS

TOOKOKU, Kitamura Tokoku 北村透谷
(29 December 1868 – 16 May 1894). Poet, essayist, Japanese romantic literary movement
Tookoku Ki 透谷忌 (とうこくき)
Kitamura Tokoku / FACTS

TUKARAM, Sant Tukaram, Saint Tukaram India
(1608-1650) Poet. Warkaris.

UTAMARO, Kitagawa Utamaro, 喜多川 歌麿
(ca. 1753 - 1806) printmaker and painter
Utamaro Ki 歌麿忌 (うたまろき)
Kitagawa Utamaro / FACTS

Weston Festival uesuton sai ウェストン祭
Reverend Walter Weston (1861~1940)

YORIMASA, Minamoto no Yorimasa (源頼政)
(1106 – 1180)
Yorimasa Ki 頼政忌 (よりまさき)
Genzanmi Ki 源三位忌(げんざんみき)
Minamoto Yorimasa / FACTS

CLICK for more photos !
YOSHITSUNE, Yoshitsune and Benkei
Minamoto Yoshitsune (源 義経), Warriour. (1159 – June 15, 1189)
Yoshitsune Ki 義経忌 (よしつねき)

YUUJI, Kinoshita Yuji 木下夕爾
August 4. 1914-1965。Poet and Haijin.
Yuuji Ki 夕爾忌 ゆうじき
Yuji Kinoshita / LINKS


***** Saijiki of Famous People ToP

***** Saijiki of Japanese Ceremonies and Festivals

***** Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets 



Memorial Days AUTUMN



Memorial Days of Famous People



CHIYONI, Chiyo-Ni, Kaga no Chiyo-Ni 加賀千代
(1703-1775) 1703年(元禄16年) - 1775年10月2日(安永4年9月8日)
Haiku Poetess
Chiyoni Ki 千代尼忌 ちよにき
Soen Ki 素園忌(そえんき)

CHUUKUU, Origuchi Shinobu 折口信夫
September 3. 明治20年(1887年)2月11日 - 昭和28年(1953年)9月3日)
Shaki Chuukuu 釈迢空(しゃく ちょうくう)
Famous scholar of Japanese Learnng.
Chuukoo Ki 迢空忌 (ちょうくうき)
Origuchi Shinobu / LINKS

DAKOTSU, Iida Dakotsu (飯田 蛇笏)
Ida Dakotsu
26 April 1885 – 3 October 1962) haiku poet from Yamanashi
Dakotsu Ki 蛇笏忌 (だこつき)
Sanro Ki 山廬忌(さんろき)

DOGEN. Zen Master, Doogen Zenji 道元禅師
(19 January 1200 – 22 September 1253)
Doogen-Ki 道元忌 (どうげんき ) Dogen Memorial Day
Founder of Soto Zen Sect, Sootoo Shuu Kanzan Ki 曹洞宗開山忌(そうとうしゅうかいさんき)
Founder of Temple Eihei-Ji, Eiheiji Kaisan Ki 永平寺開山忌(えいへいじかいさんき)

DOOKAN, Ota Dokan, Oota Dookan (太田道灌)
(1432-1486) Died 文明18年7月26日(1486年8月25日 August 25)
Daimyo. In 1457, he built Edo Castle
Dokan Ki 道灌忌 (どうかんき)

DONRYUU, Priest Donryu 呑龍 "Storm Dragon
(June 2, 1556 - September 3, 1623)
Donryuu Ki 呑龍忌 (どんりゅうき)

GENYOSHI, Kadokawa Genyoshi 角川源義
October 27. (1917-1975).
1917年(大正6年)10月9日 - 1975年(昭和50年)10月27日)
Founder of Kadokawa Book Store
Genyoshi Ki 源義忌 (げんよしき)
"autumn Lark Day", Shuuen Ki 秋燕忌(しゅうえんき)
Genyoshi Kadokawa / LINKS

GISHUU, Nakayama Gishu, 中山 義秀(なかやまぎしゅう)
August 19. 1900-1969. Novelist
Gishuu Ki 義秀忌 (ぎしゅうき)

GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
(28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832). Germany
Goethetag, 27. August / 28. August
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe / FACTS

GONSUI, Ikenishi Gonsui 池西言水
September 24. 1650-1722. Haiku Poet, friend of Basho.
Gonsui Ki 言水忌 (ごんすいき)
Ikenishi Gonsui / LINKS

HASEKURA, Hasekura Rokuemon Tsunenaga 支倉六右衛門常長
July 1. (1571 – 1622) Samurai from the Date domain.
He led a diplomatic mission to New Spain (Mexico) and then Europe between 1613 and 1620.
Hasekura Ki 支倉忌 (はせくらき)
Hasekura and the Gion festival tapestry

HIDENO, Ishibashi Hideno 石橋秀野
September 26. 1909-1947. Woman Haiku Poet.
Hideno Ki 秀野忌 (ひでのき)
Hideno Ishibashi / LINKS


Higginson, William "Bill" Higginson
passed away 11th October 2008
William J. Higginson, 1938-2008
by George Swede

a chrysanthemum whispers
“Bill Higginson Day should be
a kigo”

Fay Aoyagi, August 2009


HIROSHIGE, Utagawa Hiroshige 歌川広重
(1797 in Edo – October 12, 1858). "Andoo, Andō Hiroshige"
Ando Hiroshige(安藤広重)
Woodblock Pring ukiyo-e artist
Hiroshige Ki 広重忌 (ひろしげき)

. HOKI-ICHI, Hanawa Hokiichi 塙 保己一 .
October 7 延享3年5月5日(1746年6月23日) - 文政4年9月12日(1821年10月7日)
Scholar of "National Learning"
Hokiichi Ki 保己一忌 (ほきいちき)

HOOSAKU, Shinohara Hosaku 篠原鳳作
September 17. (1905 ~ 1936). Haiku Poet.
Hoosaku Ki 鳳作忌 (ほうさくき)
Hosaku Shinohara / LINKS

CLICK for more photos of his legend.
IPPEN Shoonin, Saint Ippen, 一遍上人, Zuien
(1234 – 1289)
Ippen-Ki 一遍忌
Yugyoo-Ki 遊行忌

KEIROO, Ishikawa Keiro 石川桂郞
November 6. (1909-1975). Autor and haiku poet.
Keiro Ki 桂郞忌 (けいろうき)
Ganshuu Ki 含羞忌(がんしゅうき)
Keiro Ishikawa / LINKS

. KIJOO, Murakami Kijo 村上鬼城 .
September 17. 1865 - 1938. Haiku Poet
Kijoo Ki 鬼城忌 (きじょうき )

KOOYOO, Ozaki Koyo 尾崎 紅葉
January 10, 1868 - October 30, 1903) Autor and haiku poet. He was the center of the Tochimandoo Haiku Group.
"Red Autumn Leaves Day", Kooyoo Ki 紅葉忌 (こうようき)
Tochimandoo Ki 十千万堂忌(とちまんどうき)
Koyo Ozaki / FACTS

KUNIO, Yanagida Kunio, Yanagita Kunio 柳田國男 - 柳田国男
July 31, 1875 - August 8, 1962
the father of Japanese native ethnology
Kunio Ki 国男忌 (くにおき)

KYORAI, Mukai Kyorai 向井去来
慶安4年(1651年) - 宝永元年9月10日(1704年10月8日 October 8)
One of the 10 important haiku disciples of Basho.
Kyorai Ki 去来忌 (きょらいき)

KYOROKU, Morikawa Kyoroku (Kyoriku) 森川許六
1656-1715. One of the 10 important haiku disciples of Basho.
Kyoroku Ki 許六忌 (きょろくき)
Goroosei Ki 五老井忌(ごろうせいき)Gorosei Memorial Day

. MONGAKU, Priest Mongaku 文覚(もんがく) .
July 20. 保延5年(1139年) - 建仁3年7月21日(1203年8月29日)
His name was Endoo Moritoo 遠藤盛遠(えんどうもりとお) Endo Morito
Mongaku Ki 文覚忌 (もんがくき)
Moritoo Ki 盛遠忌(もりとおき)

MOPPO, Tomita Moppo 富田木歩
April 14,1897 - September 1,1923 . Haiku Poet.
Moppo Ki 木歩忌 (もっぽき)
Moppo Tomita / LINKS

MORITAKE, Arakida Moritake 荒木田守武
(1473 - August 30, 1549)

MUSO Soseki (Musoo 夢窓 疎石(むそう そせき)
建治元年(1275) - 観応2年9月30日(1351, October 20))
Musoo-Ki 夢窓忌 (むそうき)
Soseki Ki 疎石忌(そせきき)
Muso Kokushi Soseki 夢窓国師 and the ZUIKI festival
(zuiki 随喜 to weep with joy
zuiki 芋茎(ずいき)stem of the taro plant)

NICHIREN, Saint Nichiren, Nichiren Shoonin 日蓮
(February 16, 1222 – October 13, 1282). Founder of Nichiren Sect of Buddhism
Nichiren Omeikoo 御命講
..... Daimoku Tate 題目立 Picture
Nichiren (日蓮) / FACTS

NOGI, Nogi Maresuke (乃木希典)
(25 December 1849 - 13 September 1912) Kiten, Count Nogi.
General in the Imperial Japanese Army, and a prominent figure in the Russo-Japanese War.
Nogi Ki 乃木忌(のぎき)
Nogi SAI 乃木祭 (のぎさい)
Nogi Matsuri 乃木まつり(のぎまつり)
Maresuke Ki 希典忌(まれすけき)

NORINAGA, Motoori Norinaga (本居宣長)
21 June 1730 – 5 November 1801 / 陰暦九月二十九日
Scholar of "Japanese Studies", Kokugaku during the Edo period.
Norinaga Ki 宣長忌 (のりながき)
Suzu no Ya Ki 鈴の屋忌(すずのやき)

OOKYO, Maruyama Okyo, Ohkyo 円山 応挙
1733年6月12日) - (1795年8月31日) Painter.
Ookyo Ki 応挙忌 (おうきょき)

ONITSURA, Uejima Onitsura 上島鬼貫 (うえしま おにつら) Ueshima Onitsura
(1660-1738) Died August 2, 1738. Haiku Poet.
Onitsura Ki 鬼貫忌 (おにつらき)

ROGETSU, Ishii Rogetsu 石井露月
September 18. (1873-1928)
Rogetsu Ki 露月忌 (ろげつき )
Kabocha Ki 南瓜忌(かぼちゃき)
Senjin Ki 山人忌(さんじんき)
Rogetsu Ishii / LINKS

RYOOI, RYOO-I, Sumi-no-kura Ryooi 角倉了以(すみのくらりょうい)
July 12. 天文23年(1554年) - 慶長19年7月12日(1614年8月17日)
Suminokura Ryoi
Very rich merchant in Kyoto. In the 1590s Hideyoshi granted him a license for overseas trade with what is now Vietnam. This endeavor brought in huge profits for Suminokura and his son Soan - until the Tokugawas closed the country in 1635.
Ryooi Ki 了以忌 (りょういき)
Suminokura / LINKS

RYOOTA - Ooshima Ryoota 大島蓼太 Oshima Ryota
September 9. 1718-1787. Haiku Poet
Ryoota Ki 蓼太忌 (りょうたき)

SAIGOO, Saigo Takamori, Saigō Takamori (西郷 隆盛)
23 January 1827/28 — 24 September 1877). Satsuma Samurai of the late Edo Period.
Nanshuu Ki 南洲忌 (なんしゅうき)
Saigoo Ki 西郷忌(さいごうき)
Takamori Ki 隆盛忌(たかもりき)
Saigō Takamori / FACTS

SAIKAKU, Ibara Saikaku, Ihara Saikaku 井原西鶴
1642–1693. Creator of the "floating world" genre of Japanese prose (ukiyo-zōshi
Saikaku Ki 西鶴忌 (さいかくき) Saikaku Memorial Day

SANTOKA, Taneda Santooka 種田山頭火
(1882-1940) Haiku Poet.
Santooka Ki 山頭火忌

SHIKI, Masaoka Shiki Nobo san のぼさん
(1867-1902, September 19) Haiku Poet.
Shiki Ki 子規忌 Shiki memorial day
Hechima-ki 糸瓜忌 (へちまき) Sponge-gourd Anniversary
Dassai Ki 獺祭忌(だっさいき)"otter festival day"

SHIRAO, Kaya Shirao 加舎白雄
September 13. (1738–1791) Haiku Poet
Shirao Ki 白雄忌 (しらおき)
Shirao Kaya / FACTS

SODOO, Yamaguchi Sodo 山口素堂
August 15. 1642-1716. Haiku poet. Friend of Matsuo Basho.
寛永19年5月5日(1642年6月1日) - 享保元年8月15日(1716年9月30日)
Sodoo Ki 素堂忌 (そどうき)

SOOGI, Sogi, Io Sogi (Soogi, Sougi 飯尾宗祇)
Iio Soogi, born 1421, Japan ... died Sept. 1, 1502, Hakone, Japan
Buddhist monk and greatest master of renga (linked verse)
Soogi Ki 宗祇忌 (そうぎき)

SOSEI, Hasegawa Sosei 長谷川素逝
September 10. 1907 - 1946. Haiku Poet.
Sosei Ki 素逝忌 (そせいき)
Sosei Hasegawa / LINKS

SUIHA, Watanabe Suiha, 渡辺水巴 , 水巴 渡辺
August 8. (1882 - 1946) Haiku Poet.
Suiha Ki 水巴忌 (すいはき)
Watanabe Suiha / LINKS

SUJUU, Takano Sujuu 高野素十 (Takano Suju)
October 4. 1893 - 1976. Haiku Poet.
1893年(明治26年)3月3日 - 1976年(昭和51年)10月4日)
One of the four "S" of the Hototogisu Haiku Group.
Sujuu Ki 素十忌 (すじゅうき)

TAGORE, Rabindranath Tagore India
Kigo for the Rains, Varsha, in India.
(1861-August 7, 1941) Poet.

TAIGI, Tan Taigi 炭太祇 (たんたいぎ)
(1738-1791) Haiku Poet
Taigi Ki 太祗忌 (たいぎき)
Fuya An Ki 不夜庵忌(ふやあんき)

TAIKOO, Toyotomi Hideyoshi (豊臣 秀吉)
February 2, 1536, or March 26, 1537 – September 18, 1598).
Hashiba Hideyoshi. Sengoku period daimyo who helped unify Japan.
Taikoo Ki 太閤忌 (たいこうき)
Hideyoshi Ki 秀吉忌(ひでよしき)

TEIKA, Fujiwara no Teika Sada-Ie 藤原定家)
(1162 – September 26, 1241)
Teika Ki 定家忌 (ていかき)

TOBA SOJO, Kakuyuu 覚猷(かくゆう)
天喜元年(1053年) - 保延6年9月15日(1140年10月27日)
Priest of the Tendai Sect in the Heian Period.
Toba Soojoo KI 鳥羽僧正忌 (とばそうじょうき )
Kakuyuu Ki 覚猷忌(かくゆうき)
Toba Sojo (1053-1140) / FACTS

YOSHINO DAYUU, Yoshino Tayu 吉野太夫
September 25. (1606-1643)
慶長11年3月3日(1606年4月10日) - 寛永20年8月25日(1643年10月7日)
most famous courtesan. of the time
Yoshino Daiyuu Ki 吉野太夫忌 よしのだゆうき
Yoshino Ki 吉野忌(よしのき)
Yoshino Dayu / LINKS

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ZEAMI, Zeami Motokiyo (世阿弥 元清)
c. 1363 – c. 1443. Aesthetician, actor and playwright.
Zeami Ki 世阿弥忌 (ぜあみき)
Yugen (yuugen 幽玄) and Haiku


***** Saijiki of Famous People ... TOP

. Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets  

***** Saijiki of Japanese Ceremonies and Festivals



Memorial Days WINTER



Memorial Days of Famous People



.. Famous People

AROO, Usuda Aro 臼田亜浪
November 11. (1879-1951)
Haiku poet.
Aroo Ki 亜浪忌 (あろうき)
Usuda Aroo / LINKS

Basho, Matsuo BASHO
(1644-1694). Haiku Poet.
Basho Ki 芭蕉忌
"Winter Rain" Anniversary (shigure Ki 時雨忌 (しぐれき)
... shigure-e 時雨会)
Old Master's Day (Okina no hi 翁の日, おきなき)
... Okina no Hi 翁の日(おきなのひ)
Green Peach Day (Toosei ki 桃青忌, とうせいき) 
Meeting in Memory of Basho, bashoo E 芭蕉会(ばしょうえ)

BONIFACIO Philippines
Andres Bonifacio (November 30, 1863 – May 10, 1897). Political Hero.

BUSON, Yosa Buson 与謝蕪村
1716 – December 25, 1784. Haiku Poet and Painter.
Buson Ki 蕪村忌 (ぶそんき)
Shunsei Ki 春星忌(しゅんせいき)

CHIKAMATSU, Chikamatsu Monzaemon 近松門左衛門
Sugimori Nobumori, 杉森信盛
1653 – 6 January 1725. Scenario writer for Puppet Theater (bunraku)
Chikamatsu Ki 近松忌 (ちかまつき)
Soorin shi Ki 巣林子忌(そうりんしき)
Soorin Ki 、巣林忌(そうりんき)
Chikamatsu Monzaemon / FACTS

DAITOO Kokushi 大燈国師
Daitoo Ki 大燈忌(だいとうき)
Memorial Day of the Founder of Daitoku-Ji Temple, Daitoku-ji Kaisan-Ki 大徳寺開山忌 (だいとくじかいさんき)
Daitoo Kokushi Ki 大燈国師忌(だいとうこくしき)
Daito Kokushi LINKS

DARUMA Daishi 達磨大師, Bodhidharuma
Daruma Memorial Day, Daruma-Ki 達磨忌
Shoorin Ki 少林忌(しょうりんき)
"Day of the Founder", shoso Ki 初祖忌(しょそき)
Daruma Snowman 雪達磨 Daruma as a Snowman
Daruma Museum Japan / Gabi Greve

. EIKAN, Priest Eikan of Temple Zenrin-Ji 永観 .
November 2. 長元6年(1033年) - 天永2年11月2日(1111年12月4日)
Eikan Ki 永観忌 (えいかんき) Eikan Memorial Day

EN NO GYOJA and Shugendoo
En no Gyooja Ki 役行者忌

HAKUSHUU, Kitahara Hakushu 北原 白秋, Kitahara Hakushū
25 January 1885 – 2 November 1942
Pen-name of tanka poet Kitahara Ryūkichi (北原隆吉).
Hakushuu Ki 白秋忌 (はくしゅうき)
Kitahara Hakushū / FACTS

HAKYOO, Ishida Hakyoo 石田 波郷(いしだ はきょう)
(1913-1969)/ 1913年3月18日 - 1969年11月21日
Hakyoo Ki 波郷忌 (はきょうき)
Nintoo Ki 忍冬忌(にんとうき)
Fuukaku Ki 風鶴忌(ふうかくき)
Shakumyoo Ki 惜命忌(しゃくみょうき)

HEKIGOTOO, Kawahigashi Hekigoto 河東碧梧桐
1873年02月26日 ~ 1937年02月01日
Hekigotoo Ki 碧梧桐忌 (へきごとうき)
"Day when the cold ends", Kan-ake Ki 寒明忌(かんあけき)

HISAJO, Sugita Hisajo 杉田久女
May 30, 1890 - January 1, 1946
Hisajo Ki 久女忌 ( ひさじょき)

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ICHIYOO, Higuchi Ichiyo 樋口 一葉
May 2, 1872 - November 23, 1896
Female Higuchi Natsu (樋口奈津), Higuchi Natsuko (樋口夏子).
Ichiyo Ki 一葉忌 (いちようき)

IPPEKIROO, Nakatsuka Ippekiro 中塚一碧楼
(1887 ~ 1946)
Ippekiroo Ki 一碧楼忌 (いっぺきろうき)
Ippekiro Nakatsuka / FACTS

ISAMU, Yoshii Isamu 吉井勇
November 19. (8 October 1886 - 19 November 1960)
Isamu Ki 勇忌 (いさむき)
"This and That.. Day" Kanikaku かにかく忌(かにかくき)
Kootoo Ki 紅燈忌(こうとうき)
Isamu Yoshii / FACTS

ISSA, Kobayashi Issa 小林一茶
(June 15, 1763 - January 5, 1828)
Issa Ki 一茶忌 (いっさき)

JESUS Christ and Christmas
JESUS Christ and Easter

JINGEN, Tenkai, 天海(てんかい)
(1536-1643) 1536年(天文5年)? - 1643年11月13日(寛永20年10月2日)
High Priest of the Tendai Sect. He was close to Tokugawa Ieyasu.
Jigen Ki 慈眼忌(じげんき)
Founder of Temple Toeizan, Tooeizan Kaisan Ki 東叡山開山忌 (とうえいざんかいさんき)
Jigen Daishi Ki 慈眼大師忌(じげんだいしき)
Tenkai and Temple Kanei-Ji in Ueno

John the Apostle
Sei Johanne no hi 聖ヨハネの日 (せいよはねのひ) Day of Saint John

KAKUNYO, Saint Kakunyo 覚如
文永7年12月28日(1271年2月9日) - 正平6年/観応2年1月19日(1351年2月15日)
Kakunyo-Ki 覚如忌
First chief priest of the Temple Hongan-ji, Kyoto.
. Honganji 本願寺 Hongan-Ji, Hongwanji . Kyoto

. Keichuu, Keichū 契沖 阿闍梨 Keichu Ajari .
Keichuuki, Keichuu Ki 契沖忌 Memorial Day for Keichu
契沖の忌日 / 正月二十五日 / 25th day of the first lunar month
(sometimes listed as "New Year" or "Spring))

KIKEI, Takai Kikei 高井几圭
December 23. (1687-1761)
Father of Kito.
Kikei Ki 几圭忌 (きけいき)
Takai Kikei / Japanese LINKS

KITOO, Takai Kito 高井几董
October 23. (1741-1789)。Disciple of Buson. Second Son of Kikei.
Kitoo Ki 几董忌 (きとうき)
Takai Kito / LINKS

KOBO DAISHI, Kukai (Kooboo Daishi, Kuukai) 弘法大師 空海
Winter Kigo for him.

KUYA, Saint Kuya, Kuya Shonin 空也
(903-72) Priest of the Pure Land Sect
Kuuya-Ki 空也忌 (くうやき)
Kuuya Nenbutsu 空也念仏
..... Hachi Tataki 鉢叩 Memorial Service for Kuuya Shoonin

MISHIMA , Mishima Yukio, Yukio Mishima (三島 由紀夫)
Kimitake Hiraoka (平岡 公威)
January 14, 1925–November 25, 1970. Author and playwright.
Mishima Ki 三島忌 (みしまき)
Yuukoku Ki 憂国忌(ゆうこくき)
Yukio Ki由紀夫忌(ゆきおき)
Yukio Mishima / FACTS
- - - Descending to the depths of Yukio Mishima’s ‘Sea of Fertility’
- source : Japan Times, August 2015 -

MYOE 明恵 (Myooe, Myo-E, Myōe) Toomyoo Myoe 東明慧日
文永9年(1272) - 暦応3年/興国元年10月4日(1340, October 25)
Buddhist monk active during the Kamakura period
Myooe-Ki 明慧忌 (みょうえき)
Toomyoo enichi 東明慧日(とうみょうえにち)
Myōe / FACTS

MYOOSHIN-JI Temple Founder 妙心寺開山
Kanzan Egen Zenji 関山慧玄 慧玄(かんざんえげん、無相大師)
Founded in the year 1342 by the venerable Zen Master Kanzan-Egen Zenji (1277-1360)
Myooshinji Kaisan-Ki 妙心寺開山忌 (みょうしんじかいさんき)
Kanzan Ki 関山忌(かんざんき)
Musoo Ki 無相忌(むそうき)
Temple Myoshin-Ji / FACTS

Pandit Jawaharlal NEHRU India.
Frost- Hemant Season of India
Birthday on November 14

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NICOLAUS, Saint Nicolaus, Santa Claus
St. Nicholas. Nikolaus. December 6.

OTSUJI, Oosuga Otsuji 大須賀乙字
(Seki Osuga) Poet from Fukushima.
Otsuji Ki 乙字忌 (おつじき )
Kanrai Ki 寒雷忌(かんらいき)
Hatsuka Ki 二十日忌(はつかき)
Osuga Otsuji / LINKS

RANSETSU, Hattori Ransetsu 服部嵐雪 (はっとりらんせつ)
承応3年(1654年) - 宝永4年10月13日(1707年11月6日)
Ransetsu Ki 嵐雪忌 らんせつき

ROOBEN, Priest Roben 良弁僧正
689 - 773; postum: Konshō gyōja). Abbot at temple Todai-Ji Nara
Rooben-Ki 良弁忌

ROOKA, Saint Roka of the temple Zuisen-Ji
November 11, October 9. (1672 - 1703)
Haiku poet and disciple of Basho.
Rooka Ki 浪化忌 (ろうかき)

RYOKAN, Ryokan San (Ryookan 良寛)
(1758–1831) Ryōkan Taigu
Ryookan-Ki 良寛忌

SEKITEI, Hara Sekitei 原石鼎
December 20. (1889 ~ 1951)
Haiku Poet of the Hototogisu group.
Sekitei Ki 石鼎忌 (せきていき)
Hara Sekitei / LINKS

SHINRAN, Saint Shinran, Shinran Shoonin 親鸞聖人
Saint Shinran 親鸞聖人
Goshoo-Ki 御正忌 Memorial Services at Temple Hongan-Ji
hooonkoo 報恩講(ほうおんこう) Ho-onko, Hoonko, Hoon-Ko service for Shinran
Betsuji Nenbutsu-E 別時念仏会 Memorial Service for Shinran Shoonin
Otorikoshi 御取越 Memorial Ceremony for Shinran Shoonin
Okoonagi 御講凪 Memorial Ceremony for Shinran Shoonin
. Honganji 本願寺 Hongan-Ji, Hongwanji . Kyoto

SOOJOO, Hino Sojo, Hino Soojoo 日野草城
1901年(明治34年)7月18日 - 1956年(昭和31年)1月29日)
Soojoo Ki 草城忌 (そうじょうき)
"Crane in the Cold" Day, Itezuru Ki 凍鶴忌(いてづるき)
Kairui Ki 鶴唳忌(かくるいき)
Tookaku Ki 東鶴忌(とうかくき)
"Silver Day", Shirogane 銀忌(しろがねき)

SOOKAN, Yamazaki Sokan 山崎宗鑑
October 2. 1465-1553. Haikai and renga poet.
Sookan Ki 宗鑑忌 (そうかんき)

SOOSEKI, Natsume Soseki 夏目漱石
9 February 1867 - 9 December 1916. Novelist of the Meiji Era
Sooseki Ki 漱石忌 (そうせきき)

STEPHEN, Saint Stephen Ireland
St Stephen was the first Martyr in Christian history.

TEITOKU, Matsunaga Teitoku 松永貞德
November 15. (1571-1653)
Founder of the Teitoku Haiku Group.
Teitoku Ki 貞德忌 (ていとくき)
Matsunaga Teitoku / LINKS

TOOFUKUJI Temple Founder 東福寺開山
Kaisan-Ki 東福寺開山忌 Memorial Day for the Founder of Temple Tofuku-Ji
His name was Enni Ben’en 圓爾辯圓 (1201–1280).
Shooichi Ki, Sei Ichi Ki 聖一忌 (しょういちき) (せいいちき)
Kokushi Ki 国師忌(こくしき)
Bentoo Osame 行廚納 (べんとうおさめ)
The temple was established in 1236 by the chancellor Kujo Michiie 九条道家 (1192–1252)
Temple Tofukuji / FACTS
Temple Name: Tofuku-ji 東福寺/ More FACTS

TORAHIKO, Terada Torahiko 寺田 寅彦
November 28, 1878 - December 31, 1935
Physicist and author
Torahiko Ki 寅彦忌 (とらひこき) // Tora Hiko Ki 寅日子忌(とらひこき)
Fuyuhiko Ki 冬彦忌(ふゆひこき)
. yosamusa ya hyakki yagyoo no emakimono .
Torahiko Terada / FACTS

Xavier, Saint Francis Xavier
Sei Sabieru no hi 聖ザビエルの日 (せいざびえるのひ) Day of Saint Xavier

YAICHI, Aizu Yaichi 会津 八一
August 1, 1881 - November 21, 1956
Poet, calligrapher and historian.
Yaichi Ki 八一忌 (やいちき)
Shuusoo Ki 秋艸忌(しゅうそうき)
Konsai Ki 渾斎忌(こんさいき)
Aizu Yaichi / FACTS

YOKOMITSU, Yokomitsu Riichi (横光利一)
17 March 1898 - 30 December 1947) Autor. Friend of Kyoshi.
横光忌 よこみつき
Ri-Ichi 利一忌(りいちき)
Ri-Ichi no Ki 利一の忌(りいちのき)
Riichi Yokomitsu / FACTS

YUIMA, Vimalakirti 維摩
The first Zen Buddhist Master.
Yuima-E 維摩会 (ゆいまえ) Ceremony for Yuima
Koofukuji Yuima e 興福寺維摩会(こうふくじゆいまえ)
..... Joomyoo e 浄名会(じょうみょうえ)
(Jomyo is another name fro Yuima, Vimalakirti.)


Not in the Japanese Saijiki

Martin Luther King, Jr. Day USA
January 15

. WKD Kigo Calendar - the 12 Months .
Check here for the most important days.



***** Introducing Japanese Haiku Poets

***** Saijiki of Buddhist, Shinto and other Ceremonies and Events of Japan

***** Introducing Famous Japanese People
Darumapilgrims by Gabi Greve

***** Saijiki of Famous People / TOP of THIS BLOG