Nosaki no tsukai


Imperial Envoys to graves (nozaki no tsukai)

***** Location:
***** Season: Late Winter
***** Category: Observance


nosaki no tsukai 荷前の使 (のさきのつかい )
imperial envoy to bring first fruits to graves

nosaki no hako 荷前の箱(のさきのはこ)
box holding the tribute
(nosaki no hitsu)

An old custom of the Heian period. They were brought to the shrine at Ise, imperial tobms of emperors, their wifes or mothers, altogether 10 emperors and 8 graves 十陵八墓.
The first ears of rice were on of these tributes.
This was performed on an auspicious day of the last month of the lunar year.
(Now it is placed as late winter (January) in the saijiki).

This ritual has been abolished by
Go Sanjo Tenno 三条天皇 around 1000.
(976 - 1017).


Fujimori Kaoru writes:

Under the ritsuryō codes, in the "Office of Mausolea" (Shoryōshi) article of the "Ordinance on Personnel" (shikiinryō) there is a order to send "a messenger to present first fruits" (nosaki no tsukai) in the twelfth month of each year to royal mausolea and tombs.

This Shoryōshi was renamed the Bureau of Mausolea (Shoryōryō) in 729. According to the Ceremonials and Protocols (Gishiki) of the early Heian Period (794-1185), the custodian of each mausoleum (except that of Jingū Kōgō) was to call at the Ministry of the Treasury (Ōkurashō) to receive the offering before, and then a tsukasa would make the offering.

In the beginning of the Heian Period another similar emissary, also called a nosaki no tsukai, was appointed in the twelfth month to deliver offerings imperial offerings from the palace to mausolea and tombs in the vicinity of the capital that had a significance for the reigning emperor.
The emperor appeared before the Kenrei gate of the palace and chose these messengers from among the middle counselors (chūnagon), advisors (sangi), or those who were not appointed as advisors but who held the third rank or higher. While the offerings delivered by the regular envoy stipulated in the ritsuryō codes were prepared by the Ministry of Treasury, the offerings for these rites carried by the latter type of envoy were provided by the Bureau of the Royal Storehouse (Kuraryō), which was the financial organ in charge of the palace finances.
source : Kokugakuin University.

Worldwide use

Things found on the way


Related words


BACK : Top of this Saijiki


No comments: