Shiritsumi festival Yoritomo


Hip hitting festival (shiritsumi matsuri)

***** Location: Shizuoka, Japan
***** Season: Early winter
***** Category: Observance


shiritsumi matsuri, shiri tsumi matsuri
尻摘祭 (しりつみまつり)
rump-bumping festival, hitting the buttocks festival
rear-end sumo

November 10

One of the special festivals (kisai) of Japan.

Shiritsumi Matsuri is a festival in the evening, which is performed in the dark hall of Otonashi Shrine. The festival features Shiri-sumo, which is fought by two people on a wooden basin hitting each other by their hips in accordance with the festive music to push the opponent out. Thus, it is one of the strangest festivals in the country.
Whoever wants to play Shiri-sumo may participate the fight on the spot.
source : turismo/shizuoka

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Otonashi Jinja 音無神社 Otonashi shrine

otonashi literally means "without a sound"

In the dark shadows below the huge camphor tree (kusu no ki) there are no lanterns during the festival and people are not allowed to talk or laugh. In this darkness, the priests perform purification rituals, hand the ritual sake around and then the "hip sumo" begins.

The ritual is in memory of Minamoto no Yoritomo 源頼朝, who was in exile on the peninsula and fell in love with the daughter of Ito Suketaka 伊東祐堯. The lovers met secretly in the dark below the tree, not talking to each other.


source : Ryu san no BLOG

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

Minamoto no Yoritomo 源 頼朝
(May 9, 1147 – February 9, 1199)
was the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan. He ruled from 1192 until 1199.

Yoritomo was the third son of Minamoto no Yoshitomo, heir of the Minamoto (Seiwa Genji) clan, and his official wife, a daughter of Fujiwara no Suenori, who was a member of the illustrious Fujiwara clan. Yoritomo was born in Atsuta, Owari Province (present-day Atsuta-ku, Nagoya). At that time Yoritomo's grandfather Minamoto no Tameyoshi, was the head of the Minamoto.

In 1156, factional divisions in the court erupted into open warfare within the capital itself. The cloistered Emperor Toba and his son Emperor Go-Shirakawa sided with the son of Fujiwara regent Fujiwara no Tadazane, Fujiwara no Tadamichi as well as Taira no Kiyomori (a member of the Taira clan), while Cloistered Emperor Sutoku sided with Tadazane's younger son, Fujiwara no Yorinaga. This was known as the Hōgen Rebellion, or the 'Hogen Disturbance'.

His rival was Taira no Kiyomori.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

His wife was Hojo Masako
. Hōjō Masako 北条 政子 .
(1156 – 1225)

. 大島山瑠璃寺 Ojimasan Ruri-Ji Nagano .
a Legend about Yoritomo


. Star Shrines, Hoshi Jinja 星神社


From Yamato I passed through Yamashiro, taking the Omi Road into Mino. Beyond Imasu and Yamanaka lay the grave of Lady Tokiwa. Moritake of Ise once wrote,
“autumn’s wind resembling Lord Yoshitomo,”
and I had wondered what the similarity was. Now I too wrote

Yoshitomo no kokoro ni nitari aki no kaze

Yoshitomo’s heart
it does resemble:
autumn wind

Tr. and comment : Barnhill

Matsuo Basho,
walking along the

. 中山道 Nakasendo Road .

Nozarashi Kiko 野ざらし紀行
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .

Tokiwa Gozen 常磐御前 Lady Tokiwa
wife of Minamoto no Yoshitomo. (1123 - ?1180)
Mother of Minamoto no Yoshitsune.
She was later captured by Taira no Kiyomori, and became his concubine in exchange for assurances of the safety of her family. Later she married Fujiwara no Naganari.
Her family and protecting her children was the most important thing in her life.

. Nakayama ningyoo 中山人形 Dolls from Nakayama .

Minamoto no Yoshitomo (源義朝) (1123 – 11 February 1160)
was the head of the Minamoto clan and a general of the late Heian period of Japanese history. His son Minamoto no Yoritomo became shogun and founded the Kamakura Shogunate, the first shogunate in the history of Japan.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. Minamoto no Yoshitsune 源の義経 (1159 - 1189) .
- Introduction -

Related words

***** . Kisai 奇祭 special festivals

***** . Sutoku Tenno, Sotoku, Sudo 崇徳天皇 (1119 - 1142) .

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Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Sadowara kazari hagoita 佐土原飾り羽子板 battledore as decoration

The battledore is about 70 cm ling and 15 cm wide.
The motive here is Tokiwa Gozen with her torn hat, embracing the baby Minamoto no Yoshitsune.
Sadowara mingei 佐土原民芸 folk art and crafts from Sadowara
. Miyazaki Folk Art 宮崎県 Kyushu .

Gabi Greve said...

Sake 酒 for rituals and festivals


Gabi Greve said...

Legend from Fukushima 福島県
飯舘村 Iitate

white wolf 白狼
源頼朝 Minamoto no Yoritomo wanted to defeat a family called Sumitora 墨虎 "Black Tiger".
He brought a Mountain Deity 山神 and an Inari Deity 稲荷神 all the way from Kyoto and prayed for seven days and nights, with out food or sleep.
On the 15th day of the 10th lunar month, a white wolf and a white fox appeared and their footprints lead to a small sanctuary for Sanno 山王祠 high up in the forest.
He thought that was a hint from the Deities, started the battle and won it.

Gabi Greve said...

高宕山源頼朝と天狗面 Takagoyama and the Tengu Mask of Minamoto to Yoritomo
飯縄寺 Iizunadera Temple (Iinawadera)

千葉県いすみ市岬町和泉2935-1 / Chiba, Isumi, Misakichoizumi, 2935-1

Gabi Greve said...

Kyoto 相楽郡 Soraku district 南山城村 Minami-Yamashiro

Tokiwa Gozen 常磐御前 Lady Tokiwa
The waterfall where Tokiwa Gozen prayed is now known as
常磐不動の滝 Tokiwa Fudo no Taki.
The statue venerated there is said to have been made by Lady Tokiwa herself.

Gabi Greve said...

Shimenawa - legend from Aichi
知多郡 Chita district 美浜町 Mihama

Yoshitomo no rei 義朝の霊 the spirit of Yoshitomo

In the family of 百合草光吉 Yurigusa Mitsuyoshi there is a special custom related to Yoshitomo.
They place four reed gras stems in a square and put a Shimenawa around. In the middle they place 風呂 a bath tub. On that night they welcome Yoshitomo at the gate of the estate, putting out lanterns and waring ritual robes and small swords. The head of the family then takes a bath. When he is finished, they use 拍子木 wooden clappers to inform the other villagers to come over and have a bath too. This is their way of never forgetting what happened to Yoshitomo, and pass the knowledge on to further generations.

Gabi Greve said...

Tokyo Igusamura, Igusa mura 井草村 Igusa village
Kami-Igusa used to be called 遅野井村 Osonoi mura "slow wilderness well".
This village name comes with a legend of itself.

In 1189, when Minamoto no Yoritomo was on his way to fight the people of Tohoku he passed this area and his soldiers felt very thirsty. They begun digging for water in the ground with their arrows. Finally some water came sprouting out, but very slowly (osoi 遅い). Yoritomo complainde "osoi no" (this is sooo slow)". Eventually this was written as Osonoi.